ТЕОРЕТИКО-МЕТОДОЛОГІЧНІ ОРІЄНТИРИ ТАНЦЮВАЛЬНО-ТЕРАПЕВТИЧНИХ РОЗВІДОК: ЄВРОПЕЙСЬКИЙ КОНТЕКСТ
Theoretical-methodological guidelines of dancing-therapeutic problems: European context.
Languages of publication
The aim of the article is to determine the theoretical-methodological guidelines used by EU scientists in their dance-therapeutic research. The study is carried out on the basis of qualitative research methods and general scientific approaches, which, within the framework of the research project “Theoretical and methodological foundations of development of choreographic-pedagogical education in Ukraine”, allow introducing into the native scientific space theoretical and methodological guidelines and experiencing in organizing dance-therapeutic training of choreographers. It is concluded that methodological guidelines for research in the field of dance therapy can be general scientific approaches and analytical methods, in particular: dialectical (makes it possible to specify the dichotomy “body-soul” in choreotherapeutic activity in their inseparable unity); historical-genetic (allows tracing the use of therapeutic properties of dance at all stages of civilization development); problem-chronological in combination with comparative (provides an opportunity to identify the interdependence of the theoretical and practical aspects of dance therapy in different European countries at different stages of its formation and development); socio-cultural in combination with structural-functional (helps to find out the social-psychological functions of dance therapy). It is proved that conceptual provisions of dance therapy are based on universal philosophical categories “movement”, “time” and “space”, which are specified as motority, temporality, and spatiality. The main philosophical concept is the physicality that determines the sensual nature of human being. It is argued that through the dance and movement the inner world of each person becomes tangible. In the EU countries, there are diverse areas of dance therapy (choreotherapy) that differ in prevailing of certain techniques, in particular psychiatric, ergo-therapeutic, socio-psychological, art-therapeutic, dance-movement (Human Structural Dance therapy, Laban Movement Analysis, rhythmic movement and dance movement therapy, etc.). It is emphasized that the search for methodological foundations of the native studies in the field of dance therapy is just starting. They should be based on both general scientific approaches and on the methodological apparatus of artistic and comparative education, art and ergotherapy, and further studies will be devoted to these issues.
Publication order reference