2016 | 16 | 4(40) | 803-818
Article title

Biochar application in the mercury ions adsorption from aqueous solutions

Title variants
Zastosowanie biowęgla w procesie adsorpcji jonów rtęci z roztworów wodnych
Languages of publication
Biochar is the carbon-rich product produced by thermal decomposition of organic material in anaerobic conditions or under limited supply of oxygen. The removal of pollutants from water using biochar materials is a low cost, sustainable approach for providing pure water. The adsorption of mercury ions onto pyrolyzed chicken manure, sewage sludge and rye straw was studied and compared with the adsorption of mercury ions onto commercial activated carbons of various origins and grain size. The impact of pH, biochar adsorbents amount and phase contact time on the adsorption efficiency were investigated. Tested biochars were characterized by large, porous surface area and their adsorption potential was comparable with the activated carbons.
Biowęgiel zdefiniować można jako bogaty w węgiel produkt otrzymany poprzez termiczny rozkład materii organicznej w warunkach beztlenowych lub z nieznacznym udziałem tlenu. Usuwanie zanieczyszczeń z wody z zastosowaniem biowęgla stanowi opłacalne ekonomiczne, zgodne z założeniami zrównoważonego rozwoju rozwiązanie. W pracy analizowano stopień adsorpcji jonów rtęci na pirolizowanych odpadach organicznych pochodzących z kurzeńca, osadu ściekowego oraz słomy żytniej. Wyniki badań zestawiono z potencjałem adsorpcyjnym węgli aktywnych o różnym pochodzeniu i uziarnieniu. Określono wpływ pH, ilości dodawanych adsorbentów oraz czasu kontaktu adsorbenta z adsorptywem na wydajność procesu adsorpcji. Badane biowęgle charakteryzowały się dużą powierzchnią właściwą, a ich potencjał adsorpcyjny był porównywalny z potencjałem węgli aktywnych.
Physical description
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  • Opole University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Poland
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