Początki polskiego zainteresowania wczesnośredniowieczną przeszłością Kołobrzegu (do końca lat 50. XX w.)
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Beginnings of the Polish interest in the early-medieval past of Kołobrzeg (until the end of the 1950s)
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The aim of the paper is to present the beginnings of the Polish interest in the early-mediaeval past of Kołobrzeg (Kolberg) mainly on the basis of archival sources. For 200 years the town was an important German location, and since 1945 it has been a significant Polish place of memory. However, so far there are no studies dealing with the history of research on the town of Kołobrzeg, although such enquiry subsequently became a canvas of political narratives about the past. The limit of the time-scope covered in the paper is the end of the 1950s, when the first stage of archaeological works on the Kołobrzeg settlement in Budzistowo (Altstadt) were completed. In 1960 a number of enterprises were undertaken in connection with the celebration of the Millennium of the Polish State. The article attempts to answer the question why studies on Kołobrzeg were launched so late, whether it was a top-down or bottom-up initiative and what was the meaning of the research. The source base of the paper consists mainly of archival materials collected in state archives and scientific and cultural institutions.
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