„… k té živnosti gruntovní vinice náleží“. Příspěvek k problematice poddanského vinařství na panství Mělník
“... A VINEYARD IS PART AND PARCEL OF THE TRADE”. ADDRESSING THE ISSUE OF THE SERFS’ VITICULTURE ON THE MĚLNÍK ESTATE
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The presented study focuses on the issue of wine growing in the environment of the serfsʼ farming on the Mělník estate in Early Modern times. The main objective of the paper, which is primarily based on an analysis of land and vineyard registers, was to characterise the structure and the range of the profits from wine growing. Research has shown that wine revenues, which were of great importance to some local growers, were of a dual type. The basis formed the vineyards as integral constituents of the economy of serfs. Their expansion was far from being negligible in the conditions of an estate, and accounted for almost a quarter of the serfsʼ domains. The second type of profits from serfsʼ wine growing was known as perkrecht, which the subjects did not manage although it was the source of regular wages.
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