Dickensowskie anafory w polskim przekładzie
Dickensian Anaphoras in Polish Translation
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Dickensian anaphoras, being one of his favourite literary devices, are very prominent in his novels where they fulfill many more functions than simply providing emphasis. Frequently the author, opens his novels with anaphoras, which immediately draws the reader’s attention to the concepts acquiring symbolic meanings. Often Dickens uses anaphoras for comic effects or to mirror the orality of discourse to achieve a diachronic distance between the empirical reader and the fictional events. Moreover, this device is used to characterize fictional characters, where lexis being the basis for the anaphoras acquires additional senses. Dickens uses anaphoras creatively, and although they are frequent in his works, they are never employed mechanically. He often combines them with intertextual and extratextual references, which turns translating into a challenge. Thus, although superficially simple to recreate in translation, anaphoras are most often reflected in their primary, emphatic function. However, frequently, additional functions and intratextual relations which are formed between the elements creating the anaphor and other segments of the text are lost in translation.
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