Ochrona zabytków w USA
THE PROTECTION OF HISTORICAL MONUMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES OF NORTH AMERICA
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The author deals with both situation and problems of historioa.l monuments protection in the United States of America emphasising the specific aspects of conservation in that country and quoting numerous examples of rehabilitation of monuments dating from colonial times and from the eighteenth and nieteenth centuries. There is no effectively acting regular conservation service in the States that could be compared with such services active in several European countries which does not mean, however, that no achievements were gained in America in the field of protection and rehabilitation of historical monuments. As one from among numerous examples he quotes the nineteenthcentury Cumberland School, Dallas. It has been carefully restored and then adapted for the Managing Offices of the South-East Drilling Company who granted the suitable financial means for that undertaking. It deserves to be noted that in the States the works have already been started aimed not only at protection of individual objects but also of the whole groupings and as examples of isuch practice may be considered the towns of San Antonio, Texas and San Augustine, Florida. To be especially emphasised deserve the efforts made at present with the view to safeguard a number of objects of military engineering and architecture forming the monuments from the eventful history of American people and in the first line of those from the times of Secession Wajr. The author presents, among the others, in his report the adaptation of the nineteenth-century fort of Sumter sited on the isle in Charleston Bay (South Carolina) which is to be turned into museum of arms. At the same time he puts forward an interesting hypothesis that as a model for the fort of Sumter could serve the Montalembert Tower of 1812 that has been erected in Napoleonic times within the fortress of Modlin near Warsaw. The similarity of forms in these two objects is one striking the eye. As one of the most interesting achievements the author presents the chapol in the Round Diamond Rancho, Hondo Valley where modern architecture has been perfectly adapted to relics of a sacred building from colonial times.
- W. Ły s i a k , Wspołczesne budownictwo sakralne Ameryki Połnocnej, „Życie i Myśl”, czerwiec 1972 r.
- Theo Fleischman, „Levade de Sainte-Kelene” Bruxelles 1960 r.
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