Problem odbudowy starych miast na przykładzie Szczecina
THE PROBLEM OF THE RECONSTRUCTION OF OLD TOWNS. CASE STUDY OF SZCZECIN
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The starting point o f the paper is the situation which has so far prevailed in Polish town planning and led to wrecking of the original and regional traits o f historical towns. In the author’s opinion reconstruction of an urban centre should tend, first and foremost, to creation o f the so-called environmental architecture depending on the townscape of the cities concerned. The townscape is a resultant of their history, the creative atmosphere of the given region and geographical environment. Implementation of the idea of the so-called environmental architecture would force the designers to make their projects of modern buildings revert to the preserved historical forms and maintain the traditional character o f the given city, e.g. that of a trade centre, the essential elements of which would be pedestrina ways and enclosed shopping centres referring to the traditional urban pattern. The point is that the old town districts be not onerous to inhabitants but, due to removal therefrom o f offices and vehicular traffic — residential areas with a high social standard. The first Polish town reconstructed in consonance with those new principles is Szczecin. It was there that satisfaction of the needs o f the population has been reconciled with the idea of preservation o f the relics of the past, i.a. of the mediaeval lay-out of streets, the castle o f the Dukes o f Pomerania, the town hall, burghers’ houses etc. The author describes the project, of 1955, for the reconstruction of the Old Town and criticizes some o f the work implemented in consonance with it. His proposals concerning the final work still to be carried out within the frameworks of that reconstruction are followed by a postulate for an individual treatment of, and approach to, the historical architecture of every town. What is meant here is the need for matching the height of the new buildings with that of the historical ones and providing for adequate pictorial views. The new architecture has not necessarily to refer to historical forms. It should not, however, divert attention from historical monuments, nor be a stereotype one. What is also required is its good quality. All the traits mentioned above are essential since they emphasize the contact of the different epochs in the development o f culture.
- S. Mu l l e r , Wspołczesna forma architektonicza w ośrodkach zabytkowych w Polsce po 1956 roku, „Architektura”, R. XXVIII, nr 1—2, 1974, s. 22—27.
- A. W a l l i s, Skala budownictwa i funkcja projektu, „Literatura”, z 13.1.1977 r., nr 2/257, s. 1 i 6.
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