PL EN


2007 | 2 | 15
Article title

Distorted Autobiography: Self-portrayal and Self-censorship in Gay Memoirs

Content
Title variants
Zaburzona autobiografia – autoportret i autocenzura w pamiętnikach gejowskich
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
The article analyzes selected gay autobiographies and AIDS memoirs in order to discuss the change in the perception of the self, especially when faced with the hostile environment, such as the conservative family, school, workplace or governmental institutions. I demonstrate that many novelists rejected the victimized notion of the self and started to deploy self-preservation strategies in order to deal with the disease the "gay way.” I also present the larger social context in which these personal accounts of both self-development and loss were written and then examine the ways in which this context influenced the process of writing. Therefore, rather than give in and conform to the stereotype of either sad or dangerous "homosexual with AIDS” promoted by the mainstream media, contemporary gay writers appear to celebrate it and appropriate it for their purposes. Despite the fact that the recent writing emerges from the AIDS crisis, it is about the potentiality of a life in the shadow of the epidemic, a life that is not limited to grieving.
PL
Artykuł analizuje wybrane gejowskie autobiografie i pamiętniki AIDS, po to by prześledzić zmianę w postrzeganiu samego siebie, zwłaszcza w obliczu wrogo nastawionego środowiska, takiego jak konserwatywna rodzina, szkoła, miejsce pracy czy instytucje rządowe. Dowodzę, że wielu pisarzy odrzucało postrzeganie się w roli ofiary i stosowało strategie przetrwania, po to by radzić sobie z chorobą „po gejowsku”. Prezentuję także szerszy kontekst społeczny, w którym powstawały te osobiste narracje o samorozwoju i stracie oraz zastanawiam się, w jaki sposób ów kontekst wpływał na proces twórczy. Zamiast poddać się i wpasować w stereotyp smutnego lub groźnego homoseksualisty chorego na AIDS, jaki promowały mainstreamowe media, współcześni pisarze gejowscy wydają się celebrować chorobę i wykorzystywać ją do własnych celów. Pomimo faktu, że najnowsza literatura wyrasta z kryzysu związanego z AIDS, mówi ona raczej o możliwościach, jakie daje życie w cieniu epidemii, życia nieograniczonego wyłącznie do żałoby.
Keywords
Publisher
Year
Issue
2
Pages
15
Physical description
Dates
published
2007
Contributors
  • University of Warsaw
References
  • Berger, Maurice, Brian Wallis, and Simon Watson, eds. Constructing Masculinity, London: Routledge, 1995. Bergman, David and Karl Woelz, eds. Men on Men 2000, New York: Plume, 2000. Boffin, Tessa Gupta, Sunil, eds. Ecstatic Antibodies: Resisting the AIDS Mythology, London: Rivers Oram Press, 1990, p.166 Butler, Judith. Melancholy Gender/Refused Identification in: The Judith Butler Reader, Judith Butler, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. Cady, Joseph. Immersive and Counterimmersive Writing About AIDS: The Achievement of Paul Monette's Love Alone in: Writing AIDS: Gay Literature, Language and Analysis, Murphy, Timothy and Suzanne Poirier, eds., New York: Columbia University Press, 1993. Dewey Joseph. Music for a Closing: Responses to AIDS in Three American Novels in: AIDS The Literary Response, ed. Emmanuel S. Nelson, New York: Twayne Publishers, 1992. Freud, Sigmund. The Ego and the Id, New York: W.W. Norton & Company Ltd., 1990. Freud Sigmund. Mourning and Melancholia, London: Penguin Modern Classics, 2005. Hoffman, Alice. At Risk, New York: Putnam, 1988. Holleran, Andrew. Ground Zero, New York: William Morrow, 1988. Hollinghurst, Alan. The Swimming Pool Library, London: Penguin Books, 1988. Hollinghurst, Alan. The Folding Star, London: Vintage, 1994. Kramer, Larry. The Normal Heart, London: Methuen London Ltd., 1987. Kramer, Larry. Reports from the Holocaust, New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994. Kushner, Tony. Angels in America A Gay Fantasia on National Themes, London: Nick Hern Books, 1992. Monette, Paul. Becoming a Man, London: Abacus, 1994. Pastore, Judith Laurence. Confronting AIDS Through Literature: The Responsibilities of Representation, Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1993. Robinson, Paul. Gay Lives Homosexual Autobiography from John Addington Symonds to Paul Monette, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. Sontag, Susan. Illness and its Metaphors and AIDS and its Metaphors, New York: Anchor Books, 1988. Watney, Simon. The Spectacle of AIDS in: The Lesbian and Gay Studies Reader, Abelove, Henry, Michele Aina Barale, and David Halperin, eds., New York: Routledge, 1993. White, Edmund. The Beautiful Room is Empty, London: Picador, 1988. White, Edmund. A Boy's Own Story, New York: Vintage Books, 1982. White, Edmund. Farewell Symphony, London: Vintage Books, 1998.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-776d2837-acea-4743-80b5-b9e29e32d091
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