Obraz nekrofilii w fantastycznej literaturze rosyjskiej XIX wieku (na podstawie twórczości Włodzimierza Odojewskiego i Aleksego Tołstoja)
Necrophilia in 19th century Russian fantasy literature (based on works by V. Odoyevsky and A. Tolstoy)
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The phenomenon of using psychoanalysis in the study of literature has its roots as far as the beginning of the 20th century, when actual results of studies on psychiatric patients were first used as the key to understand the meaning of literary works. In this manner, Erich Fromm, the German psychiatrist whose theories on necrophilia and biophilia are the basis for this article, employed the psychoanalytic method to analyze works of literature. Inspired by Fromm’s conclusions, the author of the article proves that 19th century Russian literature is an adequate source for presenting Fromm’s theories applied to a fictional world. Considering the notions of necrophilia and biophilia as a suitable basis for interpretation, the author comes to a conclusion that the main character of Vladimir Odoyevsky’s Fairy Tale of a Dead Body that Belonged to Nobody Knows Whom, may be a valid epitome of Fromm’s notion of necrophilia, as well as the main character in Aleksey Tolstoy’s The Family of the Vourdalak, may be an example of a person with an inclination towards biophilia or at least a mixed tendency. The psychoanalytic exegesis of these works is a notable extension to the studies of that particular period in Russian literature.
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