Wybrane problemy studium rewaloryzacyjno-rozwojowego wsi Gołkowice Dolne
SELECTED PROBLEMS OF THE REVALORIZATION-DEVELOPMENT STUDY OF THE VILLAGE OF GOŁKOWICE DOLNE
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The complex of 20 farms at Gołkowice Dolne was founded in 1783 on the land belonging to the cloister of Poor Clares at Nowy Sącz, secularized by the Austrian invaders. The planning of the settlement, the arrangement and size of arable lands as well as the kind o f buildings corresponded to the trends of forming new settlements based on the then innovatory experiences of the farming. Although thus preserved unique example of the Franconian type remains under the conservatory protection, still it has stopped performing the function o f the farmer’s workshop and does not correspond to contemporary conditions of life. The majority of farm inhibitants is employed outside farming and would abandon it willingly. The plan of the spatial arrangement o f the village does not contain any concrete guide-lines for the revalorization o f the complex and the localization o f the future building sites poses a danger of diminishing esthetic and spatial values o f colonies, blurring thus the original premises o f creating such a building system. The analysis o f the plan o f land development in Nowy Sącz voivodship, the present condition o f tourist development as well as historic and cultural values of the Dunajec valley have shown the possibility of using the farm complex as a tourists’ base. The problem of protecting natural and landscape values, discussed generally in the above plan, has been extended with a proposal to create protection zones in the area encircled in the forks o f the Dunajec and Poprad rivers. A specification of possibilities and method o f carrying out the revalorization of the historic farms has been preceded with a detailed analysis of the present condition. The synthesis comprises suggestions concerning various kinds o f the zones of conservatory protection, conservatory postulates and pliance to rebuilding, which — along with the tasks set in the plan of spatial development in Nowy Sącz voivodship and along with proposals of changes in a development plan o f the village-constitute: the basis for defining the concept o f developing the colony. Due to a bad technical condition the revalorization o f the fatms’ complex calls for a bigger scope o f works to be done, just to mention the draining, water- supply service, sewage system, etc. The efficient and complex execution o f these works may be guaranteed by one investor only, e.g. a touristic organization. Abandoned farms can be used as a tourist centre comprising the entire complex or a few farms with a varied standard o f services. The plan o f developing the complex of farms, drawn out schematically, envisages a possibility of housing nearly 130 people in rooms for one, two or three persons. Moreover, tourists could also have the access to the inn, a coffee-house, a play room, a reading room, library and other places of entertainment found in the complex. A wider range of sei vices is offered by a trade and service centre situated in the neighbouring village. One of the farms will make an open-air museum displaying a typical farm from the end of the 18th and the beginning o f the 19th century. On the other hand, taking inte account the duration o f „the season” and a rotation unfavourable for the complex, it is necessary to create other forms of using the farm. This proposal concerns the purchase and development of some farms as the so-called „second homes” and also the turning o f one o f the farms into a tourist shelter. The proposals presented represent searches for the solution o f the problem o f the revalorization o f farms of historic interest. To restore the qualities of the former rural arrangements does not only mean their conservation and protection against ruining but also a stimulation to a new life.
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