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2013 | 2(24): Venezuelan Studies | 327-338
Article title

Environmental Challenges of an Oil-Rent Based Economy

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EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper addresses the environmental issues taking place in Venezuela an oil rent‑based economy and a mono‑producing country. This article reports on the transformations that occurred during the last ninety years since oil exploration began. The development style of a mono‑producing country has had direct consequences in terms of the generated social and environmental impacts. But also, in terms of a number of other issues that have affected the relationship between society and nature and that has given very specific characteristics to that relationship. In consequence, the current environmental management must face a series of challenges. This paper proposes the outline of the environmental strategy that must be followed: a more challenging environmental management of oil industry; improvement of urban environmental management; sustainable management of water resources; biodiversity conservation; and sustainable development education. In conclusion it formulates some ideas that revile the most important lessons from the Venezuelan experience regarding environmental management.
Contributors
  • Andrés Bello Catholic University
References
  • Gabaldón A.J., ‘De aire puro si vive el hombre: ambiente y desarrollo’ in A. Baptista (coord.), Venezuela Siglo XX. Visiones y Testimonios, Tomo 3, Caracas 2001, p. 386.
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  • Ministerio del Ambiente y de los Recursos Naturales Renovables, Primer Informe de Venezuela sobre Diversidad Biológica, Caracas 2000.
  • Mongabay. Com., News, 2011, at <http: //www.mongabay.com>.
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  • Red ARA, Aportes para un diagnostico de la problemática ambiental de Venezuela. La visión de la
  • Red ARA, Caracas 2011.
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  • Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, Ley sobre Diversidad Biológica, Caracas 2000.
  • Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela, Ley de Aguas, Caracas 2007.
  • República de Venezuela. Comisión del Plan Nacional de Aprovechamiento de los Recursos
  • Hidráulicos, Plan Nacional de Aprovechamiento de los Recursos Hidráulicos, Tomo 1 y 2, Caracas 1972.
  • Rodríguez J.P., F. Rojas‑Suárez, D. Giraldo Hernández, Libro Rojo de los Ecosistemas Terrestres de Venezuela, Caracas 2010.
  • Sunkel O., N. Gligo (selección), Estilos de Desarrollo y Medio Ambiente en América Latina, Tomo 1-2, México1980.
  • World Resources Institute, Reefs at risk in the Caribbean, Washington, D.C. 2011.
Document Type
Publication order reference
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7890a8c9-0114-4721-97e2-5d332ea6b1ae
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