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2015 | 3(47) | 27-36

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The development of inclusive education in Ukraine

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The article summarizes the theoretical development of inclusive education in Ukraine. In the child-centered education the child’s orientation and interests, his needsdominate. The conditions and possibilities for choice of educational institution and educational programs according to the characteristics of the child are defined. The exercises to stimulate the children in different areas, ensuring their social educational protection is described. As the number of children with special needsin Ukraine is increasing, there is a problem that must be solved. Two ways to address education of children with disabilities are outlined: one involves the creation of separate groups, the other provides training for the individual plan total weight peers. But there is a right to equal access to quality education and training in a residence in the conditions of educational institutions – the right of all children. In this situation, the actual practice of teaching children with disabilities decision determines the activity of theoretical and practical problems related not only to the educational process, but also require professional training the teachers. The author stresses that according to the Concept of the development of inclusive education, inclusive education is a comprehensive process to ensure equal access to quality education for children with special educational needs by organizing their education in secondary schools through the use of student-oriented teaching methods, taking into account the individual characteristics of teaching and learning of these children. Inclusive education is a flexible, individualized learning system for children with special needs in the context of mass secondary school in the community. Training is on individual training plans and provided medical, social, psychological and pedagogical support. Inclusive education involves creating an educational environment that would meet the needs and abilities of each child, regardless of her mental and physical development features. The introduction of inclusive education of children with special needs requires the formation of a state-level new philosophy of education and in educational institutions primarily examine the need and desire of the parents of children with special educational needs for education for inclusive form, to work in teaching and student groups regarding education tolerant attitude towards this category of the students actively engage in the life of the institution students.



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