PL EN


2011 | 1(11) | 205-211
Article title

Polskie dunder

Selected contents from this journal
Title variants
EN
Polish dunder ‘thunder’
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The Polish word dunder (earlier also: donder) is only used as a part of the expression niech cię/go/ją dunder świśnie! ‘damn you!, to hell with you/him/her!’, lit. ‘let a thunder strike you/him/her’ (in somewhat older Polish, a phrase like u dondra ‘damn!, (what) the devil!, (what) the hell!’, too, is attested). The only etymology of this word one can find today is that given by A. Brückner in his etymological dictionary (1927): < Germ. Donner ‘thunder’. However, Brückner was satisfied with a blank formulation “nd in lieu of nn” which does not actually explain reasons and the mechanism of change. The aim of this article is to show that it was not a High German word but, instead, the Low German or/and Dutch word donder ~ dunder ‘thunder’ that was borrowed into Polish and used in the expressions mentioned above.
Keywords
Contributors
  • Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Kraków
References
  • Das Wörterbuch der deutschen Lehnwörter in der polnischen Schrift- und Standardsprache. Von den Anfängen des polnischen Schrifttums bis in die Mitte des 20. Jahrhunderts. Begonnen, konzipiert und grundlegend redigiert von Andrzej de Vincenz, zu Ende geführt von Gerd Hentschel; Oldenburg 2010: „bis-Verlag” (= Studia Slavica Oldenburgensia 20): http://www.bkge.de/wdlp.php.
  • Deutsches Wörterbuch von Jacob Grimm und Wilhelm Grimm, http://urts55.uni- -trier.de:8080/Projekte/WBB2009/DWB/wbgui_py?lemid=GA00001.
  • Mittelniederdeutsches Handwörterbuch von A. Lübben, nach dem Tode des Verfassers vollendet von Ch. Walther, Darmstadt 1980.
  • A. Brückner, Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego, Warszawa 1927.
  • W. Doroszewski (red.), Słownik języka polskiego, Warszawa 1958–1969.
  • S. B. Linde, Słownik języka polskiego, Warszawa 1807–1814.
  • J. Karłowicz, A. A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki (red.), Słownik języka polskiego, Warszawa 1900–1927.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-79193e47-19d5-4186-b8ba-0f8948baa52f
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.