Monitoring as a Tool for Determining the Quality of Education
Based on the analysis of the scientific literature the author reveals the essence of monitoring the quality of education, the functions of education quality monitoring, the principles for monitoring structures; clarifies the distinction between monitoring and control. It is found that the objects of monitoring can be as separate sub-systems of education, and the various aspects and processes occurring in these systems. It should be noted that monitoring generates information system, which is constantly updated and indicates the continuity of monitoring includes measurement technology of the existing state of the object. It is noted that monitoring is very similar to the control, but monitoring requires compliance with the maximum objectivity and reliability of the information obtained, therefore, is carried out by special technology independent (external) researchers, in contrast to the control. It is determined that the monitoring study in the sphere of education is held for the purpose, depending on the object of assessment, the level of study and level of generalization of the results. The main objects of monitoring in education are clarified. The advantages of external monitoring of the quality of education and internal are detected. They are manifested in the quality and status of the information received. External monitoring provides: standard information; high accuracy and reliability of information; the basis of the state and departmental statistical reporting; information basis for analysis and for the formulation of educational policy at all levels; the possibility of generalization and comparison at any level of educational management; the predictability of conclusions and recommendations; recognition of the results at the state and interstate levels; transparency of the results of educational activity; openness of the education system of the country in which created a national system for monitoring performance of the education sector. External evaluation is carried out by the independent experts (foreign, third parties or instrumentalities that are not interested in the results).
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