ІДЕЇ НОВАТОРСЬКОЇ ПЕДАГОГІКИ В ТЕОРЕТИКО-ПРАКТИЧНІЙ СПАДЩИНІ ІВАНА ГУРОВИЧА ТКАЧЕНКА
The ideas of innovative pedagogy in theoretical and practical legacy of Ivan Hurovych Tkachenko
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The article presents the results of historical and pedagogical studies of the innovative ideas in the theory and practice of an Ukrainian teacher Ivan Hurovych Tkachenko. The analysis of the published and unpublished sources, curricula, programs and reports on the results of the inspections of school performances held in the collections of the archives of Pedagogical Museum of Ukraine is presented. The liberalization of public life in the late 50-s of the twentieth century, reform of the Soviet system of education to prepare young people for work in industry, agriculture, culture and science led to a strong pace of innovation in educational theory and practice. The innovative ideas of Ivan Tkachenko are in unison with the social priorities of those days. Noteworthy is the author’s approach to the development of content and organizational forms, the methods of labor education and training of the students, implemented in the Bogdanivska secondary school of Znamyansk district in Kirovograd region. In the terms of knowledge as the dominant paradigm of education Ivan Tkachenko successfully embodied the principles of labor education and personal development of the students: intellectual, aesthetic, physical. The teacher did not consider labor education of the students as an end in itself but as a way of formation of positive motivation to learning and creative use in everyday practice. Ivan Tkachenko developed the idea of social and professional component of teaching and education of the students that was based on an understanding of transfer to the youth the essence of social culture. In the period of modernization of activity of secondary school innovative idea to integrate knowledge from natural subjects and agricultural production, the use of science and technology and science knowledge in production processes is relevant. The elements of pedagogical innovation of humanistic orientation are developing training methods, improving the structure and organizational learning and education implemented by the teachers in school practice. The significant innovative achievements have been implemented not only in practice of Bogdanivska secondary school, but also in other comprehensive schools of Ukraine, especially in Sahnivska secondary school of Korsun-Shevchenkivskiy district of Cherkasy region, Novopokrovska boarding school of Solonyanskiy district of Dnipropetrovsk region and others. The article singles out the importance of pedagogical innovation of the second half of the twentieth century and the ideas that are in unison for the modern development of Ukrainian school system.
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