Język ukraiński wobec wyzwań współczesnej sytuacji społeczno-politycznej na Ukrainie
The Ukrainian language within the challenges of the contemporary sociopolitical situation in Ukraine
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The article is considering condition of Ukrainian language in contemporary sociopolitical situation in Ukraine. This problem is presently one of the biggest importance, especially if we realize that Ukraine is so much culturally and nationalistically diversified country. For over 130 nationalities living in Ukraine only Polish people adopts Ukrainian language as its mother tongue. The rest prefers Russian. Russian language is also dominant in media and mass culture and with its visibility and popularity, especially at certain territories makes at present a big political issue. For that reason State’s authorities must act to promote usage of Ukrainian language and to prevent ideas of adopting Russian language as an second official language in the country as legal bilingual nature of the country would cause death of the Ukrainian language. Ukrainian language is then introduced as the only language allowed in the official, public sphere, as well as in education, and theoretically also in media. The later is not yet enforced in reality. The legal superiority of the Ukrainian language is not able to constrain people to speak the language they desire, so Russian is still strong as a daily language of the huge masses of Ukrainians, rooting them out of their identity and national culture.
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