Impact of the EU directives not implemented in the legal system of the Republic of Poland on procedural rights
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This article deals with the issue of the direct effect of EU instruments from the point of view of the constitutional system of sources of law. Ensuring the „effet utile” of Community law entails the requirement for the effective realization of the subjective rights resulting from that right. Undoubtedly the effects of breaching obligations to implement EU law, in particular the obligation to transpose draft legislation, affect a certain level of process guarantees. An in-depth analysis of the minimum standards of the rights of suspects and defendants in criminal proceedings prompts reflection on the impact of the directives not implemented in the legal system on defining the rights of defense. The discussion on this subject will be presented in the context of the regulation contained in Directive 2013/48/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2013 on the right of access to a lawyer in criminal proceedings and in European arrest warrant proceedings, and on the right to have a third party informed upon deprivation of liberty and to communicate with third persons and with consular authorities while deprived of liberty.
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