Kto traci a kto zyskuje na systemie podziału mandatów pomiędzy okręgi w wyborach do Parlamentu Europejskiego w Polsce
Who Loses and Who Wins under the System of Distribution of Seats between Constituencies in Elections to the European Parliament in Poland?
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In Poland, the system of election to the European Parliament is based on a multistage procedure for the division of seats, which has departed from Polish traditional and well-established model of territorial representation. As a result, seats are not permanently assigned to constituencies and are allocated “dynamically” depending on the distribution of the votes among the constituency list of candidates. Before the election, nobody knows how many seats will be finally obtained by the region. As a consequence of this system the distribution of seats is unjust and incompatible with the principle of substantive equality and which, at the starting point, discriminates against constituencies with less than 2.2 million voters. It does not provide for the proper performance of the function of territorial representation, nor does it reward (in a consistent manner) those constituencies in which the turnout is higher than the national one, instead leading to paradoxical divisions. This system, inconsistently and without reliance on any reasonable criteria, favours or discriminate against constituencies with of the same number or percentage of those taking part in voting. There is, no rational and justified reasons to keep it.
- Dr hab., Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Wydział Politologii i Studiów Międzynarodowych, współpracownik Centrum Studiów Wyborczych na Wydziale Prawa i Administracji UMK
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