K niektorym aspektom chápania cnosti u Viliama Ockhama
Selected contents from this journal
Some Views on Virtue by William Ockham
Languages of publication
The aim of this article is to focus on some specific perspectives of Ockham´s ethics theory. His interpretation of Aristotle´s virtue ethics was different from his contemporaries. Ockham (with D. Scotus) shifted the traditional standpoint of the various Aristotelian schools from a focus on reason and reasonable purposes toward the will and its internal/external acts. The will is faculty, in accordance with reason, which brings out an internal act and only this act can be free. Nothing else, apart from the will and its acts, can be necessarily free and thus virtuous. Nothing except for interior acts of the will can be fully virtuous. The perfect virtue is the only internal capacity of the will, although always dependent on the "telos" – the end of the will. Ockham presents 5 degrees of virtues and especially the heroic one, being the highest of all virtues.
Publication order reference