PL EN


2012 | 24 | 315-322.
Article title

Jardin révolutionnaire de Zarathushtra, réflexion sur les révolutions de couleur ou des fleurs

Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
Color revolutions is a term which was widely used to describe related movements that developed in several societies in the CIS (former USSR) and Balkan states during the early 2000s. The term has also been applied to a number of revolutions elsewhere, including the Middle East. Participants in the color revolutions have mostly used nonviolent resistance, also called civil resistance. Such methods as demonstrations, strikes and interventions have been intended protest against governments seen as corrupt and authoritarian, and to advocate democracy; and they have also created strong pressure for change. These movements generally adopted a specific color or flower as their symbol. The color revolutions are notable for the important role of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and particularly student activists in organising creative non-violent resistance. Such movements have had a measure of success, for example: The Rose Revolution in Georgia (2003), The Orange Revolution in Ukraine (2004), The Tulip Revolution in Kyrgyzstan, also sometimes called the “Pink Revolution” (2005), Blue Revolution in Kuwait (2005), Green Revolution in Iran (2009), Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia (2010–2011).
Keywords
Year
Volume
24
Pages
315-322.
Physical description
Contributors
  • dr Małgorzata Grygielewicz, l’Université Paris VIII, France
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7ad8c737-1f65-4f9b-a838-db318b2167ca
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.