PL EN


2013 | 7 | 195-206
Article title

Odpuścić grzechy, zachować wiernych (J 20,23)

Content
Title variants
EN
Forgiving sins, holding believers (John 20,23)
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
This article presents an exegesis of John 20:23: If you forgive people’s sins, their sins are forgiven; if you hold them they are held fast. Traditionally them refers to sins, and exegetical basis for this interpretation was reading John 20:23 (with the eliptical antithetical parallelism) as parallel of Matt 16:19 and 18:18. However the grammatical and lexical structure of John 20:23 suggests that v. 23a and 23b is a synthetic (progressive) parallel. In the Johannine com¬munities and in first three centuries of Christianity John 20:23 was not understood as the scriptural account of the institution of the sacrament of Penance that can only be administered by the ordained ministers. This text may be an allusion to baptism First of all, John 20:23 is a missionary command to the disciples. They have the power (v. 22: Receive the Holy Spirit) and right to preach the forgiveness of sins and entry into the community of believers (cf. Matt 28:19; Mark 16:16; Luke 24:47).
Year
Volume
7
Pages
195-206
Physical description
Contributors
  • dr hab., jest profesorem w Katedrze Wiedzy Nowotestamentowej i Języka Greckiego ChAT oraz profesorem EWST we Wrocławiu, członkinią Komitetu Nauk Teologicznych PAN, Zespołu Języka Religijnego Rady Języka Polskiego przy Prezydium PAN oraz Międzywyznaniowego Zespołu Tłumaczy Towarzystwa Biblijnego w Polsce; jej zainteresowania naukowe koncentrują się wokół analizy ksiąg narracyjnych Nowego Testamentu.
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7b4e88dc-010a-4ae6-a195-02e0a98a73ee
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