Obory ve škole a jejich enkulturační funkce
Scientific fields at school and their enculturative function
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One of the key functions of the school is the enculturative function. The school presents one of the systematic organizations in which the members of the society meet cultural contents. These cultural contents take the form of subject matter which is systematised through curricular documents into educational fields, areas, subjects, etc. The overview study concentrates on the relationship between (scientific) fields and school subjects. The authors discuss selected curricular issues, namely the problem of (non)correspondence between intended, realised and achieved curriculum. They also consider possible causes of the success/failure of Czech pupils in the international comparative surveys TIMSS and PISA. Towards the end of the paper, the necessity is argued to perceive educational research as the “critical friend” of the current curricular reform.
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