Unia Europejska po brexicie – dezintegracja czy zmiana paradygmatu
The European Union after Brexit – Disintegration or Paradigm Change
Languages of publication
The referendum on leaving the European Union held in the United Kingdom in June 2016 undoubtedly opened a new chapter in the history of the European integration. The general theory of international organizations tells us that countries normally leave international institutions as an act of last resort, when they are sidelined or feeling unable to shape their future. Was the UK in such a position in the EU? Or was the result of the British referendum rather a side effect of a small adaptability of the European institutions to global challenges, which in turn sparked a democratic revolt, erupted in an eurosceptic country? It is argued here that, regardless of the causes, the British issue influenced further polarization between federal and anti-federal forces in the European Union, and because the former are still in minority, the European Union will most likely pass over the Brexit to proceed according to the old agenda, maybe with some minor institutional changes, like readjustment of the seats in the European Parliament, but signifi cantly weakened on the global scene.
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