Интенциональный анализ идеологии
Intentional analysis of ideology
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The hypothesis is proposed that a variety of discursive manifestations of ideology can be described by means of a fourfold schema in which each of distinct implications of ideologi¬cal discourse falls within one of four categories that can be phenomenologically marked as “scientific”, “ethic”, “aesthetic” and “religious”, correspondingly. We argue that due to the difference in temporal orientation of those four forms they are systematically combined in pairs where “ethic” and “aesthetic” forms explain a “meaningful present”, while “religious” and “scientific” are responsible for a “possible future”. As a result, there can be only four possible types of functionally complete ideologies. To test our hypothesis, we have checked several obviously ideologically charged texts for the prevalence of definite “ideological di¬scursive forms”, and found out that, in most cases, the pair representing the expected ideolo¬gy of the author prevails in our schema.
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