HISTORICAL CEMETERIES AND HISTORICAL ELEMENTS OF THE CEMETERIES OF NON-HISTORICAL TYPE
The author deals with problems of the historical c e meteries protection on the basis of results of a conference held in 1974 during which, nevertheless, the cemeteries were considered as historical objects totally. In the author’s opinion this is a wirong principle for a number of non-historical cemeteries, having been closely examined, reveal separate elements of historical value. Cemeteries in Lublin District may serve as an example. The chapel dating from the 17th century and found at the cemetery at Wożuczyn allows to include this object among the old ones, if not historical. Moreover, at the cemetery of Gródek there have been found some relics of ancient culture and folk sepulchral art, that is two Rococo sepulchral chapels, one of them including the sculpture of Sorrowing Christ. According to the historical monuments catalogues the cemetery at Łuszczów includes nothing worthy. During accidental visit at this .cemetery, however, an interesting complex of crosses and tombstones drew the author’s attention. They were made of wood and imitated known analogous stone forms dating from the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. In the conclusion the author states that the above- mentioned examples indicate the necessity of cataloguing and protecting not only historical cemeteries but historical elements of the cemeteries of non-historical type as well.
mgr, Instytut Sztuki PAN w Warszawie
M. P ę k a l s k i , Drewniane kapliczki nagrobne w powiecie biłgorajskim, „Polska Sztuka Ludowa”, XV, 1961, n r 2. s. 94—96.
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