Wystawa ludoznawcza w Cieszynie w 1903 r.
The Folkloric Exhibition in Cieszyn in 1903
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From August 30 to September 8, 1903, at the elementary school of The Polish Educational Society (pol. Macierz Szkolna) in Cieszyn, a folkloric exhibition was organized by the Polish Ethnological Society (Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze) in Cieszyn. The Society was associated with the newspaper Gwiazdka Cieszyńska, but the exhibition was also covered by other press titles. The article analyzes the exhibition’s coverage in Silesia and Neue Schlesische Zeitung published in Austrian Silesia, and Polish-language newspapers in Galicia: Czas, Głos Narodu, Kurier Lwowski and Gazeta Narodowa. The Polish Ethnological Society was established in 1901 and has since then become the leading institution in the study and popularization of Polish folk traditions in Austrian Silesia. At the beginning of the 20th century, in the face of a growing nationalist conflict, the Polish Ethnological Society decided to organize the first Polish folkloric exhibition. The exhibits were divided into church utensils, applied art with features of rural folklore, and a literary-historical section including archives and books. Therefore, the folkloric exhibition can be said to be a part of the trend of “chłopomania” (literally: “peasant-mania”).
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