The article presents an analyses of professional training of physical therapy masters and rehabilitation masters in higher education institutions in Latvia and Lithuania. It was found out that in the system of rehabilitation of European countries is used the term «physical therapy», which is identical in content to adopted in Ukraine term «physical rehabilitation». It is reviewed the curriculum of training masters in physical therapy and rehabilitation in Riga and Vilnius Universities who are active members of the European Network of Physical Therapy in Higher Education (ENPHE), whose mission is to improve and provide transparency of physiotherapeutic education in Europe to create common requirements for the quality of education. It is determined that the professional training of masters in physiotherapy or rehabilitation in Latvia and Lithuania is held in two stages: the first one is four years of full-time study (240 credits ECTS) for obtaining professional bachelor degree in physiotherapy; second is two years full-time study (120 credits ECTS) for obtaining a professional master degree with a help of programs for individual «Physical Therapy» or «Rehabilitation». There is presented data about conditions of entry to master programs «Physical Therapy» and «Rehabilitation» and stated that the applicant must have a bachelor degree in health protect industry. The main competence and employment prospects of future physical therapy masters and rehabilitation masters in these countries are described. It is noted that rehabilitation masters can carry out professional activities in the direction of training “Physical Therapy” as researchers, university teachers, and also being the organizers, managers in physical therapy or engage therapeutic practice. It is emphasized that knowledge and skills of masters in the field of «Physical therapy» and «Rehabilitation» enable critical analysis of research literature, plan and manage the rehabilitation process; to carry out research in the field of physical therapy and rehabilitation; to orient in the latest theoretical trends in the development of rehabilitation and be able to apply them in practice, to educate themselves to improve professional skills and personal qualities.