PL EN


2016 | 15 | 9-19
Article title

Globalization and Inequality Revisited

Title variants
PL
Globalizacja a nierówności – nowe spojrzenie
Languages of publication
EN
Abstracts
EN
This article summarizes the literature on inequality and economic development from Kuznets (1955) through the neo-classical labor-market-adjustment models and technology/education dialectics of the 1990s, and onward to the modern use of comprehensive, consistent data sets with global coverage to assess the interdependent and divergent experience of advanced, developing and transition economies in the age of globalization. Work based on the data sets developed by the University of Texas Inequality Project broadly validates Kuznets’ original view of the importance of inter-sectoral transitions, but with many distinct and new insights, as it becomes possible to track regional and transnational patterns, common global macroeconomic forces and, most recently, the critical role played by exchange rates in the evolution of inequality in open economies.
PL
Artykuł jest syntezą poglądów na temat nierówności oraz rozwoju gospodarczego prezentowanych w literaturze, poczynając od Kuznetsa (1955), przez neoklasyczne modele dostosowania rynku pracy oraz modele uwzględniające zmiany technologiczne i edukacyjne z lat 90., po rezultaty najnowszych badań, w których wykorzystano kompleksowe, spójne zbiory danych o zasięgu globalnym. Są one istotne dla oceny zarówno podobnych, jak i odmiennych doświadczeń gospodarek krajów wysoko rozwiniętych, krajów transformujących gospodarkę i krajów rozwijających się w dobie globalizacji. Prace oparte na zbiorach danych opracowanych w ramach Programu Nierówności realizowanego na Uniwersytecie w Teksasie potwierdzają pogląd Kuznetsa na temat dużego znaczenia międzysektorowego przepływu dochodów, ale zawierają wiele odrębnych i nowych ustaleń. Ustalenia te są możliwe, ponieważ obecnie można śledzić przepływy regionalne i ponadnarodowe dochodów, badać wpływ globalnych czynników makroekonomicznych na nierówności dochodowe, a ostatnio także ocenić krytycznie rolę, jaką odgrywają kursy wymiany w ewolucji nierówności w otwartych gospodarkach.
Year
Issue
15
Pages
9-19
Physical description
Contributors
  • The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas 78713-8925, SRH 2.237, USA
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7cd43ee0-f800-472e-bd1f-1c0b4a17a708
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