PL EN


2017 | 3/2017 (70), t.2 | 59-75
Article title

Bridging the Psychic Distance Through Diaspora Networks: The Case of Polish Firms in Brazil

Content
Title variants
PL
Redukcja postrzeganego dystansu za pomocą powiązań w ramach diaspory: przypadek polskich firm w Brazylii
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
The objective of this paper is to assess the role of Polish diaspora in Brazil as a possible distance-reducing mechanism, facilitating the entry of Polish firms to the Brazilian market. We conclude that the activity of Polish firms in Brazil is very limited, due to a significant psychic distance between the respective countries. A long perceived distance is driven by a number of ‘psychic distance stimuli’ (i.e. geographic, cultural, administrative and economic differences). The psychic distance may be reduced by frequent exposure to a country, however, we conclude that so far, the Polish diaspora in Brazil has not served as a vehicle for such an exposure.
EN
Celem artykułu jest ocena znaczenia polskiej diaspory w Brazylii jako mechanizmu redukującego dystans i ułatwiającego tym samym wejście polskich firm na rynek brazylijski. Artykuł wykazuje, że aktywność Polskich firm w Brazylii jest niewielka ze względu na istotny dystans psychiczny między tymi krajami. Postrzegany dystans wynika z licznych ‘stymulantów dystansu psychicznego’ (tj. różnic geograficznych, kulturowych, administracyjnych i gospodarczych). Ekspozycja jednostki na dany kraj może ograniczać dystans psychiczny, jednak, jak wykazano w artykule, polska diaspora w Brazylii nie przyczynia się do wzrostu częstości takiej ekspozycji.
Year
Pages
59-75
Physical description
Dates
online
2017-10-10
Contributors
References
  • Anwar, A. and Mughal, M. (2013). The role of diaspora in attracting Indian outward FDI. International Journal of Social Economics, 40(11), 944–955.
  • Brubaker, R. (2005). The ‘diaspora’ diaspora. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(1), 1–19.
  • Brudzińska, K. (2014). Visão Geral das Relações Polônia-Brasil. In: A União Europeia Alargada em tempos de novos desafios (pp. 163–174). Rio de Janeiro: Fundação Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.
  • Brzozowski, J., Cucculelli, M. and Surdej, A. (2017). The determinants of transnational entrepreneurship and transnational ties’ dynamics among immigrant entrepreneurs in ICT sector in Italy. International Migration, 55(3), 105–125.
  • Budakowska, E. (2014). Etnicidade polonesa no Brazil à luz de pesquisas sociológicas. Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • Central Statistical Office. (2016a). Yearbook of foreign trade statistics of Poland 2015. Warsaw.
  • Central Statistical Office. (2016b). Działalność podmiotów posiadających jednostki zagraniczne w latach 2008–2014. Warszawa.
  • Ciszewska-Mlinarič, M. and Trąpczyński, P. (2016). The psychic distance concept: A review of 25 years of research (1990–2015). Journal of Management and Business Administration. Central Europe, 24(2), 2–31.
  • Cohen, R. (2008). Global Diasporas. New York: Routledge.
  • Connor, W. (1986). The impact of homelands upon diasporas. In: G. Sheffer (ed.), Modern diasporas in international politics (pp. 16–46). London: Croom Helm.
  • Dow, D. and Karunaratna, A. (2006). Developing a multidimensional instrument to measure psychic distance stimuli. Journal of International Business Studies, 37(5), 578–602.
  • Dvorak, A. (2013). A hidden immigration: The geography of Polish-Brazilian cultural identity. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Los Angeles: University of California.
  • Fontes, S. (2015). Synthos desiste de projeto de US$ 250 milhões no Brasil. Valor Econômico, 21.09.
  • Friedman, T.L. (2005). The world is flat. A brief history of the twenty-first century. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  • Gao, T. (2003). Ethnic Chinese networks and international investment: Evidence from inward FDI in China. Journal of Asian Economics, 14, 611–629.
  • Ghemawat, P. (2001). Distance still matters: The hard reality of global expansion. Harvard Business Review, 79(8), 137–147.
  • Gillespie, K., Riddle, L., Sayre, E. and Sturges, D. (1999). Diaspora interest in homeland investment. Journal of International Business Studies, 30(3), 623–634.
  • Glinka, B. (2013). Przedsiębiorczość polskich imigrantów w USA: etnicznie, lokalnie, globalnie? Warszawa: Poltext.
  • Gmitruk, J., Klarner-Kosińska, I. and Mazurek, J. (2000). Polonia brazylijska w piśmiennictwie polskim – antologia (wstęp, pp. 7–29). Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • Gorynia, M., Nowak, J. and Wolniak, R. (2005). Fostering competitiveness of Polish firms: Some musings on economic policy and spatial expansion. In: E. Kaynak and T. Harcar (eds), International management development research yearbook. Pennsylvania: IMDA.
  • Hakanson, L. and Ambos, B. (2010). The antecedents of psychic distance. Journal of International Management, 16(3), 195–210.
  • Hakanson, L., Ambos, B., Schuster, A. and Leicht-Deobald, U. (2016). The psychology of psychic distance: Antecedents of asymmetric perceptions. Journal of World Business, 51, 308–318.
  • Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture’s consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. London: Sage.
  • House, R.J., Hanges, P.J., Javidan, M., Dorfman, P.W. and Gupta, V. (2004). Culture, leadership, and organizations: The Globe study of 62 societies. London: Sage. Johanson, J. and Vahlne, J.-E. (1977). The internationalisation process of the firm – A model of knowledge development and increasing foreign market commitments. Journal of International Business Studies, 8(1), 23–32.
  • Kloosterman, R., van der Leun, J. and Rath, J. (1999). Mixed embeddedness. (In)formal economic activities and immigrant business in the Netherlands. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 23(2), 253–267.
  • Knight, A. (2002). Conceptualizing transnational community formation: Migrants, sojourners and diasporas in a globalized era. Canadian Studies in Population (special issue on migration and globalization), 29(1), 1–30.
  • Kogut, B. and Singh, H. (1988). The effect of national culture on the choice of entry mode. Journal of International Business Studies, 19(3), 411–432.
  • Kula, M. (1976). Algumas observações sôbre a emigração polonesa para o Brasil. Estudios Latinoamericanos, 3, 171–178.
  • Kula, M. (1987). Historia Brazylii. Wrocław: Ossolineum.
  • Kula, M. (2012). Polono-Brazylijczycy i parę kwestii im bliskich. Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • Lara, G. (2015). Polonesa Synthos vai investir até R$ 640 milhões no RS. Estadão, 26.01.
  • Malczewski, Z. (2008). Ślady polskie w Brazylii. Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • Mayer, S.D., Harima, A. and Freiling, J. (2015). Network benefits for Ghanaian diaspora and returnee entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, 3(3), 95–122.
  • Miera, F. (2008). Transnational strategies of Polish migrant entrepreneurs in trade and small business in Berlin. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 34(5), 753–770.
  • Ministerstwo Rozwoju. (2016). Plan działalności Ministra Rozwoju na rok 2016. Retrieved from: http://mr.bip.gov.pl/plan-dzialalnosci-ministerstwa/plan-dzialalnosci-na-2016-r.html (04.11.2016).
  • Miodunka, W. (1997). O nowe spojrzenie na Polonię brazylijską. Przegląd Polonijny, 4, 5–18. In: J. Gmitruk, I. Klarner-Kosińska amd J. Mazurek (eds)(2000), Polonia brazylijska w piśmiennictwie polskim – antologia (pp. 340–355). Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • MSZ. (2013). Raport o sytuacji Polonii i Polaków za granicą 2012. Warszawa: Ministerstwo Spraw Zagranicznych. Retrieved from: http://www.msz.gov.pl/resource/d44dcd91-ed03-4e64-a475-b56dbece5a46:JCR (10.02.2017).
  • Delanghe, H. (1999). The origin of significant Japanese-Brazilian trade and investment relations: Origin, content and consequences of the 1935 Japanese trade mission to Brazil. Center for Economic Studies Discussion Paper Series (DPS), 99.04. Retrieved from: http://www.econ.kuleuven.be/ces/discussionpapers/default.htm (05.11.2017).
  • Deuthsche Welle. (2008). Why Germans are investing in southern Brazil, 08.10. Retreved from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CzZjIOPQrX0 (05.11.2017).
  • Nowicka, M. (2013). Positioning strategies of Polish entrepreneurs in Germany: Transnationalizing Bourdieu’s notion of capital. International Sociology, 28(1), 29–47.
  • O’Sullivan, P. (2017). Brazil and Poland: A comparison of recent performance in terms of social progress. Paper presented at the International Conference ‘Polish-Brazilian Experiences in Economy and Management: Recent Trends’, Warsaw, 23rd May.
  • Prashantham, S., Dhanaraj, C. and Kumar, K. (2015). Ties that bind: Ethnic ties and new venture internationalization. Long Range Planning, 46(6), 427–442.
  • Rauch, J. and Trinidade, V. (2002). Ethnic Chinese networks in international trade. Review of Economics and Statistics, 84(February), 116–130.
  • Rauch, J.E. and Casella, A. (2003). Overcoming informational barriers to international resource allocation: Prices and ties. The Economic Journal, 113(484), 21–42.
  • Riddle, L., Hrivnak, G.A. and Nielsen, T.M. (2010). Transnational diaspora entrepreneurship in emerging markets: Bridging institutional divides. Journal of International Management, 16(4), 398–411.
  • Rugman, A.M. and Bain, C. (2003). Multinational enterprises are regional, not global. Multinational Business Review, 11(1), 3–12.
  • Rugman, A.M., Yip, G.S. and Jayaratne, S.A. (2008). Note on return on foreign assets and foreign presence for UK multinationals. British Journal of Management, 19(2), 162–170.
  • Safran, W. (1991). Diasporas in modern societies: Myths of homeland and return. Diaspora, 1(1), 83–99.
  • Siuda-Ambroziak, R. and Stachowska, E. (2017). Contemporary religious markets: Brazil- Poland comparative perspective. Paper presented at the International Conference ‘Polish-Brazilian Experiences in Economy and Management: Recent Trends’, Warsaw, 23rd May.
  • Stahl, G.K., Tung, R.L., Kostova, T. and Zellmer-Bruhn, M. (2016). Widening the lens: Rethinking distance, diversity, and foreignness in international business research through positive organizational scholarship. Journal of International Business Studies, 47, 621–630.
  • The Economist. (2011). The magic of diasporas. Retrieved from: http://www.economist.com/node/21538742 (15.04.2017).
  • Tien, Ch. and Luan, Ch. (2015). Is the magic of the diaspora fact or fiction? A study of Taiwan’s trade performance in the Bamboo network. Emerging Markets Finance & Trade, 51, 234–250.
  • Wachowicz, R. (1997). Renesans Polski w Brazylii. Speech at the USOPAŁ meeting, Punta del Este (Uruguay), 20.11.1997. In: J. Gmitruk, I. Klarner-Kosińska and J. Mazurek (eds) (2000), Polonia brazylijska w piśmiennictwie polskim – antologia. Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
  • Wachowicz, R.C. (1996). Jeszcze Polska. Catalogue of the exhibition commemorating the 125th anniversary of Polish immigration to Parana. Curitiba.
  • Walaszek, A. (2013). Dwie europejskie peryferie: porównanie migracji portugalskich i polskich od XVI wieku do Wielkiej Wojny. Studia Migracyjne – Przegląd Polonijny, 39(2), 15–50.
  • World Bank. (2016a). World integrated trade solution. Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/wits (02.11.2016).
  • World Bank. (2016b). Worldwide governance indicators. Retrieved from: http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspx#home (02.11.2016).
  • World Bank. (2017). National accounts data. Retrieved from: http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD (15.04.2017).
  • Zajonc, R.B. (1968). The attitudinal effects of mere exposure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(2/2), 1–27.
  • Znaniecki, F. (1911). Wstrzymywanie kolonizacji brazylijskiej. Wychodźca polski, 3, 9–16. In: J. Gmitruk, I. Klarner-Kosińska and J. Mazurek (eds) (2000), Polonia brazylijska w piśmiennictwie polskim – antologia (pp. 108–111). Warszawa: Muzeum Historii Polskiego Ruchu Ludowego.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
1644-9584
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7d68e6f1-ff4e-4a18-b1a0-4c56f89ce69c
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.