PL EN


2019 | 108 | 135-158
Article title

Jakub VI (I) Stuart – Łowca czarownic – Część II

Content
Title variants
EN
James VI (I) Stuart – The witch hunter – Part II
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
PL
Król Jakub VI (I) Stuart jest znany jako jeden z najważniejszych i najbardziej wyrafinowanych angielskich obrońców monarchii absolutnej, a także zajadły wróg purytanów. Jednakże nieliczni wiedzą, że Jakub był również sławnym łowcą czarownic i autorem Daemonologie – rozprawy filozoficznej dotyczącej nekromancji, czarostwa i czarnej magii. Autorzy dowodzą, że Daemonologie była politycznym i teologicznym narzędziem edukacji poddanych w zakresie historii, praktyk i skutków uprawiania czarostwa oraz powodów jego zwalczania w chrześcijańskim społeczeństwie. Król Jakub nie zapoczątkował polowań na czarownice w Szkocji, lecz jego pisarstwo wpłynęło na prawną stronę procesów czarownic poprzez określenie definicji czarostwa oraz sposobów identyfikacji wiedźmy. Pozycja króla sprawiła bowiem, że jego koncepcje stały się wpływowe i szeroko akceptowane. Zgodnie z przekonaniem autorów osobiste doświadczenia Jakuba w tym względzie wpłynęły również na rozwój jego koncepcji boskiego prawa królów.
EN
King James VI (I) Stuart is known as one of the most important and sophisticated English defenders of absolute monarchy and a furious enemy of the Puritans. However a few know that James was a famous hunter of witches and the author of Daemonologie – the philosophical dissertation on contemporary necromancy, witchcraft, and black magic. In this article the Authors argue, that Daemonologie was the political yet theological statement to educate a misinformed populace on the history, practices and implications of sorcery and the reasons for persecuting witchcraft in a Christian society. King James did not start the witch-hunts in Scotland, but his writings profoundly influenced on the politicization of legal trial of witchcraft by outlining the definition of witchcraft and the manner how to identify and accuse witches. The king’s position of authority allowed his ideas to be highly regarded and widely accepted. According to the Authors James’ personal experiences also determined the development of his views on divine right of a kings.
Year
Volume
108
Pages
135-158
Physical description
Contributors
  • WPiA UŁ, Katedra Doktryn Polityczno-Prawnych
  • WPiA UŁ, Zakład Polityki Prawa
References
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7d927ae3-7a03-4a7a-9d89-a59cc675390b
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