ПЕДАГОГІЧНІ ЧИННИКИ РИЗИКУ ЗАХВОРЮВАНОСТІ МОЛОДШИХ ШКОЛЯРІВ
Pedagogical risk factors of illness rate of primary school children
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The article highlightes the problem of negative pedagogical factors influencing primary school children’s health: stressful teaching tactics; intensification of the educational process; mismatch of methods and technologies of training to age and functionality of school children; failure to comply with basic hygiene requirements for the organization of educational process; functional illiteracy of teachers and parents in conservation issues and promotion of health; the lack of work on the formation of the value of health and healthy lifestyles. Moreover this complex of negative factors is dangerous because it is continuous, long-term and systematic. Current system assessment of knowledge and authoritarian style of relations between teachers and pupils in primary school enhance stressful teaching tactics that causes the primary school children chronic feelings of fear, uncertainty, and mental disorders. In the modern school practice the success in studying is not often determined by quality. It is determined by speed performance indicators. Intensification of the educational process has led to an overload of pupils. It increased the volume of tasks for independent work. Compulsory learning in primary school often does not take into account the functional readiness of the child to learn that makes parents turn to tutors, and therefore enhance mental workload of children. This causes to a stable tiredness, nervousness and chronic diseases. Experimental research of these issues shows that to prevent the occurrence of «school illnesses» is possible by creating health-saving school environment and appropriate study plans and programs to physical and mental abilities of pupils, improving the psychological conditions of the educational process; direct participation of teachers in improving the school environment; increasing the level of valeological preparation of teachers and parents; the use of traditional and non-traditional healing techniques for physical education lessons and during sports breaks; supplementing various academic subjects with issues health-saving content. It is possible to conduct the further research of objective and subjective factors that negatively affect the health of primary school children in the studying process as well as outside it.
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