PL EN


2018 | 107 | 191-213
Article title

Palaeoenvironmental reconstructions for the Neolithic pile-dwelling Serteya II site case study, Western Russia

Content
Title variants
EN
Warunki paleogeograficzne rozwoju neolitycznej osady palafitowej Serteya II (zachodnia Rosja)
Languages of publication
EN PL
Abstracts
EN
The article presents the results of recent archaeological and geomorphological research conducted on Middle to Late Neolithic site Serteya II in the Serteysky microregion of the Dnepr-Dvina region (NW Russia). The interaction of archaeological and multidisciplinary palaeoenvironmental research allowed for the reconstruction of the natural environment transformations and the natural conditions of the activity of the ancient communities in the lower Serteyka River valley, the left-bank tributary of the Western Dvina River. The terrain relief of the area was formed after the recession of the Weichselian (Valdai) Ice Sheet. The present day Serteyka River valley occupies a subglacial channel that was earlier occupied by a few lake basins of almost two generations. The water basins of the first generation existed within glacial crevasses and between blocks of dead ice, and second generation lakes developed after the melting of dead ice in the Late Valdai. Throughout the entire Holocene, the Serteyka River drained several lake basins as a result of headward river erosion. The Neolithic Serteya II site occupied the surface of a kame terrace and biogenic plain within the palaeolake basin. The pile-dwelling settlement functioned there in a period when palaeolakes existed and were affected by transgression and regression of the water table. The main phase of pile-dwelling development is dated to ca. 4200–3800 cal BP and existed for almost 140 years. It was part of a wider settlement structure in the period of domination of a hunter–gatherer economy and the beginning of agriculture.
PL
Artykuł przedstawia wyniki ostatnich badań archeologicznych i geomorfologicznych środkowo- i późnoneolitycznego stanowisku Serteya II, zlokalizowanego w międzyrzeczu Dniepru i Dźwiny, w obrębie mikroregionu Sertejskiego (NW Rosja). Połączenie wyników badań archeologicznych i multidyscyplinarnych analiz paleośrodowiskowych pozwoliło na odtworzenie środowiska naturalnego i warunków przyrodniczych działalności dawnych społeczności w dolinie dolnej Sertejki, lewego dopływu Dźwiny. Rzeźba terenu została uformowana po ustąpieniu zlodowacenia wisły (wałdajskiego). Współczesna dolina wykorzystuje rynnę subglacjalną, w której wcześniej funkcjonowało kilka basenów jeziornych dwóch generacji. Zbiorniki pierwszej generacji rozwinęły się w szczelinach lodowych i w obniżeniach pomiędzy martwymi bryłami lądolodu. Jeziora drugiej generacji powstały po wytopieniu brył martwego lodu w późnym vistulianie. W trakcie holocenu rzeka Sertejka, w wyniku erozji wstecznej, zdrenowała kolejne jeziora. Osada neolityczna Serteya II zajmowała powierzchnię terasy kemowej oraz wkraczała na równinę biogeniczną w obrębie basenu jeziornego. Osadnictwo palafitowe funkcjonowało podczas okresów transgresji i regresji paleojezior. Główny okres jej rozwoju przypadał na 4200–3800 cal BP i trwał ponad 140 lat. Osada stanowiła część większej struktury osadniczej rozwijającej się w okresie przechodzenia lokalnych społeczności od gospodarki łowiecko-zbierackiej do prymitywnego rolnictwa.
Year
Volume
107
Pages
191-213
Physical description
Contributors
  • The State Hermitage Museum,
  • The State Hermitage Museum,
  • Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Nauk Geograficznych, Katedra Geomorfologii i Paleogeografii
  • Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Earth Sciences, Department of Geophysics
author
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Nauk Geograficznych, Katedra Geomorfologii i Paleogeografii
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Biologii i Ochrony Środowiska, Katedra Zoologii Bezkręgowców i Hydrobiologii
author
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Instytut Archeologii, Katedra Archeologii Historycznej i Bronioznawstwa
  • Petersburski Uniwersytet Państwowy
  • Christian-Albrechts-University, Institute of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Archaeology, Archaeobotanical and Palynological Laboratory
author
  • Uniwersytet Łódzki, Wydział Nauk Geograficznych, Katedra Geomorfologii i Paleogeografii
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bwmeta1.element.desklight-7ded53cc-4442-4177-8ef4-bfdb24c5ac1d
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