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Journal
2017 | 1(12) The Relational Turn in Sociology: Implications for the Study of Society, Culture, and Persons | 191-214
Article title

After the Relational Turn: The Problem of Social Identity

Selected contents from this journal
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EN
Abstracts
EN
Relational sociology rejects substantialism and focuses its attention on the complexity and dynamics of all forms of social life and the subjective nature of action. Relational thinking is an alternative attitude to both functional structuralism and strongly individualistic-oriented theories. Relationality emphasizes the processual and emergent nature of reality. Actions— individual and collective—appear as successive stages of a specific process of events, and result from the configuration of relations and social interactions constituting a particular situation. Different conceptions of identity have been developed within relationally oriented sociology. The aim of the article is to summarize the narrative and realistic approaches, and to present how much they differ in their ontological assumptions. The constructionist concept of narrative identity presented by Margaret R. Somers, and Kenneth J. Gergen’s project of a “relational self,” illustrate the narrative approach. Pierpaolo Donati’s concept of the relational subject and the theory of agency developed by Margaret S. Archer exemplify the position of critical realism.
Contributors
References
  • Archer M.S. 2000. Being Human: the Problem of Agency, Cambridge University Press.
  • Archer M.S. 2003. Structure, Agency and the Internal Conversation, Cambridge University Press.
  • Archer M.S. 2007. Making our Way through World: Human Reflexivity and Social Mobility, Cambridge University Press.
  • Archer M. 2013. Człowieczeństwo. Problem sprawstwa, transl. A. Dziuban, Zakład Wydawniczy Nomos.
  • Benton T., Craib I. 2003. Filozofia nauk społecznych. Od pozytywizmu do postmodernizmu, transl. L. Rasiński, Wydawnictwo Dolnośląskiej Szkoły Wyższej Edukacji TWP.
  • Donati P. 2011. Relational Sociology: A New Paradigm for the Social Sciences, Routledge.
  • Donati P. 2016. The ‘Relational Subject’ According to a Critical Realist Relational Sociology, “Journal of Critical Realism”, vol. 15(4), pp. 352–375.
  • Donati P., Archer M. 2015. The Relational Subject, Cambridge University Press.
  • Emirbayer M. 1997. Manifesto for a Relational Sociology, “American Journal of Sociology”, vol. 103(2), pp. 281–317.
  • Emirbayer M. 2013. Relational Sociology as Fighting Words, [in:] Conceptualizing Relational Sociology. Ontological and Theoretical Issues, eds. Ch. Powell, F. Dépelteau, Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 209–211.
  • Gergen K.J. 1991. The Saturated Self: Dilemas of Identity in Contemporary Life, Basic Books.
  • Gergen K.J. 1997. Social Theory in Context: Relational Humanism, [in:] The Mark of the Social, ed. J.D. Greenwood, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, pp. 213–230.
  • Gergen K.J. 2006. The Relational Self in Historical Context, “International Journal for Dialogical Science”, vol. 1(1), pp. 119–124.
  • Gergen K.J. 2009. Nasycone Ja. Dylematy tożsamości w życiu współczesnym, transl. M. Marody, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.
  • Gergen K.J. 2011. The Self as Social Construction, “Psychological Studies”, vol. 56(1), pp. 108–116.
  • Powell Ch., Dépelteau F., eds. 2013. Conceptualizing Relational Sociology: Ontological and Theoretical Issues, Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Somers M.R. 1992. Narrativity, Narrative Identity, and Social Action: Rethinking English Working-Class Formation, “Social Science History”, vol. 16(4), pp. 591–630.
  • Somers M.R. 1994. The Narrative Constitution of Identity: A Relational and Network Approach, “Theory and Society”, vol. 23, pp. 605–649.
  • Somers M.R. 1998. “We’re Not Angels”: Realism, Rational Choice, and Relationality in Social Science, “American Journal of Sociology”, vol. 104(3), pp. 722–784.
  • Wiley N. 2006. Pragmatism and the Dialogical Self, “International Journal for Dialogical Science”, vol. 1(1), pp. 5–21.
  • Wiley N. 2010. Inner Speech and Agency, [in:] Conversations about Reflexivity, ed. M. Archer, Routledge, pp. 17–38.
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-7e45abb7-c5a6-41d7-a701-0a155f59baef
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