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2016 | 1(17) | 13

Article title

Powstawanie i rozprzestrzenianie śmieci kosmicznych w świetle przepisów Unii Europejskiej



Title variants

Creation and spreading of space debris in the light of European Union’s regulations

Languages of publication



The article concerns space debris which poses a growing threat not only for objects in space but for infrastructure on the Earth as well. This is a serious problem due to the growing number of satellites in orbit. Satellites after completing the mission and their fragments constitute a threat to other satellites. The main reasons of debris growth is defragmentation, deorbitation and collisions in orbit. There should also be mentioned activities connected with conducting antisatellite weapon tests resulting in a possible significant growth of threat to space infrastructure. More and more entities are interested in developing capabilities which deliver information that could indirectly protect their assets in space and reduce losses generated by space debris counting to millions of euros. Creating a complementary system is expensive, therefore new solutions are being sought which on the principle of cooperation could deliver expected services, enabling the application of experience and equipment in hands of some EU countries. Taking the above into consideration, efforts should be exerted to build such services and participate in them from the position of a country and not only a data recipient.


  • Akademia Obrony Narodowej


  • 1.Cosmic Study on Space Traffic Management, International Academy of Astronauts, Paris, 2006.
  • 2.Decyzja Parlamentu Europejskiego i Rady Nr 541/2014/UE z dnia 16 kwietnia 2014 r. ustanawiająca ramy wsparcia obserwacji i śledzenia obiektów kosmicznych.
  • 3.Feasibility study of an innovative surveillance system for space debris observations in LEO based on optical telescopes, Politecnico Di Milano Facoltà di Ingegneria Industriale Corso di Laurea Specialistica in Ingegneria Spaziale, Milano, 2010.
  • 4.Hall Loretta, The History of Space Debris, Space Traffic Management Conference, EmbryRiddle, Aeronautical University, 2014.
  • 5.Office of Technology Assessment: Ballistic Missile Defense Technologies, University Press of Pacific, Honolulu, Hawaje, 2002.
  • 6.Orbital Debris Quarterly News, volume 18, issue 1, NASA, U. S., January 2014.
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  • 8.Space Debris Mitigation: The Case for a Code of Conduct, European Space Agency, Science Daily, April 25, 2005.
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  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bold_Orion.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASM-135_ASAT.
  • http://www.space.com/3415-china-anti-satellite-test-worrisome-debris-cloud-circles-earth.html.
  • http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Operations/Space_debris_mitigation_the_case_for_a_code_of_conduct.
  • http://www.unoosa.org/oosa/en/ourwork/topics/space-debris/compendium.html.
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  • http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/GLAST/news/bullet-dodge.html#.Vwqw5KSLSUm.

Document Type

Publication order reference



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