There are different definitions and opinions about the rise of the middle class in different areas and countries. This is because historically the rise of the middle class has brought change in society, politically and economically. This claim is based on the historical role of the middle class as an important element of change in society, political transitions and ending authoritarian regimes in developed countries. With attention to the role of the middle class and the process of social and political change in developed countries, it can be argued that a capable middle class is requested, for changing and creating a real democratic future in Iran. However, due to the role of the state it can be seen that an emerging and rising middle class in Iran has differed with developed countries. This has had an effect on the characters of the middle class and as the result its role in the democratization and development of Iran.
Institute of Mediterranean and Oriental Cultures, Polish Academy of Sciences
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