Wokół kolekcji przyrodniczych w Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodów. Cz. I: Christoph i Johann Christoph Gottwaldowie oraz ich gdańskie muzeum
On the natural collections in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Part I: Christoph and Johann Christoph Gottwalds and their museum in Gdańsk
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In the second part of the 17th century and the first part of the 18th, Gdańsk was at the centre among places on the map of collectors in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, especially regarding to natural history. It was the place of activities of Naturalien-Cabinets of such natural scientists as Christoph and Johann Christoph Gottwalds, Jacob and Johann Philipp Breynes, Jacob Theodor Klein, or Daniel Gralath, where rare objects belonging to three regni naturali from all parts of the globe were presented. One od the oldest Gdańsk collections was the Musaeum Gottwladianum. Its heiers sold part of its items to Petersburg Kunstkammera of tsar Peter I. The article introduces profiles of the creators of the mentioned collection – Ch. and J. Ch. Gottwalds and the most important sources presenting its character and scope. Also, selected elements of collections of interest were discussed.
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