The article shows the problem of changes in the social role of a University professor. It presents the evolution of a professor’s role over a span of centuries. Against this background it shows what tasks professors are facing today: scientifi c research, teaching, popularizing knowledge in the community. The author of this article is posing a question about perceiving professor’s role by today’s students. The author presents the results of her research that she conducted among students of the Academy of Special Education in Warsaw. The results indicate lack of direct personal contacts between students and professors. Many of the students ceased expecting such contact to ever happen. This fact is highly alarming to the author.