ПІДГОТОВКА УЧНІВ ДО ВИКОНАННЯ ТЕСТОВИХ ЗАВДАНЬ З МАТЕМАТИКИ. ТЕОРІЯ І ПРАКТИКА
Preparation of pupils for the maths tests. Theory and practice
Languages of publication
The use of the tests to determine the level of pupils (students) training in a particular school subject becomes widely popular in the national education system. The principles of environmental friendliness of education (according to P. V. Lushyn) aim to build a teaching and educational process so that the emphasis on regimentation and limitation of education transfers to the empowerment of capabilities of those who teach and those who learn. This article contains results of research on the dynamics of changes in pupils’ attitude to maths problem solving in the test form 1989 – to the present. The main problems encountered by the pupils (students) while performing the tests are critically analysed. Based on the results of pedagogical experiment, which are also confirmed by the psychologists, not only the level of training and skills, but also preparedness of a pupil (student) for the tests (e.g. his/her reaction speed, promptness, flexibility of thinking, dedication, efficiency, self-control, etc.) is required for a correct test solving. This means that there is a problem to conduct the test by the pupils (students) with different temperaments, with the dominance of different representative systems, because of which the pupils (students) with a sufficiently high level of maths knowledge and skills make aggravating shortcomings in the problem solving in the test form. The authors consider the problem of systematic training of the pupils (students), including psychological, to perform maths tests and, in particular, to reduce stress levels among pupils (students) during the test time. One of the methods of conducting classes with pupils (students) at the higher education institution that uses tests to assess the quality of assimilation of a learning material was proposed. Method consists of four stages (organisational, preparatory, work on the tests, results analysis and correction) and three structural levels (the first – reproductive nature problems, the second – reconstructive nature problems and the third – variable problems). The method is illustrated by the set of problems in the test form from the subject “random triangle”.
Publication order reference