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2015 | 8(52) | 104-112

Article title


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Pedagogical system of bringing up merciful attitude of the future nurses to the patient

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The article is a study of the pedagogical system of bringing up merciful attitude of nurses to the patient during training. The complex of theoretical (analysis, synthesis, design) and empirical (questionnaire, psychodiagnostic testing) methods of pedagogical research are used. There are determined the conceptual provisions of designing of the pedagiogical system of merciful attitude of the nurse to the patient, pedagogical conditions for its effective functioning (formation of belief in the integrity of wildlife (functional aspect), its systematic and hierarchical (structural aspect) orientation of the educational process of preparing nurses for the upbringing of the merciful attitude as professionally significant qualities of such component as professional, educational, emotional and value attitude to the objects of nature and subjects of professional activity). Two ways of creating meaningful merciful attitude as professionally as the competent expert are proposed, namely: direct and indirect. The essence of the first way is to create a special educational environment in medical colleges, which encourages the development and formation of human qualities of future specialists, provides special purposeful activity of training of compassionate attitude to the patients, in which the structure of values is a special subject of learning. The second way involves formation of mercy as professionally significant quality (value) which means bioethical education of students in the classroom and outside the classroom through teaching and learning activities. Its essence is to create a sense of responsibility for all the life on Earth and the capacity for compassion to all living creatures: animals, wildlife and the environment, and finally, man. The tool for studying the discipline “Basics of Bioethics” is realized, its purpose is to educate the students conscious moral attitude towards all living beings and action-reverence for human life and formation skills to apply bioethical knowledge in their future careers. Education system includes purpose; principles; route (direct and indirect); educational facilities; stages; educational influence factors (endogenous and exogenous); forms of organization; diagnostic tools. The practical significance of the publication is to develop diagnostic tools as merciful attitude formation of professional values and stages (cognitive-axiological, empirical procedure, communicative and reflective, creative-activity) of bringing up merciful attitude of the nurse to the patient. The expediency of inclusion in the curriculum of nurses’ training of educational qualification level “junior specialist” discipline “Basics of Bioethics” is proved.



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