The article highlights the results of historical and pedagogical search of problems of development of artistic-industrial education centers of Galicia and discloses the impact of socio-economic, socio-cultural factors on the development of artistic-industrial education in this territory. The author determined peculiarities of artistic-industrial education centers in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The article reveals formation and features of functioning of artistic-industrial education centers at city locations: Kosovo, Colomia, Stanislavov. Interplay between traditions of folk art and development of artistic-industrial education centers is discovered. According to the results of historiographical analysis, we have found out that the problem of development of artistic-industrial education centers of Galicia (end of the XIX century) was not properly researched. The intelligence revealed the connections between the socio-cultural situation in Galicia and the development of folk crafts based on traditional ethnoesthetics. The formation of artistic-industrial education centers was influenced by traditions and innovative European art, the economic situation and the normative regulation of education in general. It was discovered that public opinion played a significant role in the formation of industrial arts educational centers in Galicia at the end of the 19th century. Under the conditions of the political system of the Austrian Empire, public associations (inprofessional interests) developed. Public opinion was the engine of the formation of artistic-industrial education centers. The association of weavers, woodworkers, potters were involved in financing and organizing the activities of artistic-industrial schools, which became the focal point of education in the region. The article deals with the peculiarities of content-methodological provision of teaching in industrial artistic-industrial of Galicia. The content of the preparation of the future masters of artistic-industrial specialties was formed taking into account the finds of folk masters, traditions that have been forming over the years. Therefore, the development of artistic-industrial education centers was characterized by both authentic approaches and those that took place at the institutions of vocational education of the European countries (Austria-Hungary, Italy, Poland). Cultural and educational integration of traditions in the development of artistic-industrial education centers in Galicia took place in the second half of the nineteenth century. Positive changes in the development of artistic-industrial education centers of Galicia in the chronological boundaries contain new knowledge about the organization, content, teaching methods and contribution of teachers in this process.