PL EN


2003 | 1-2 | 103-115
Article title

WOJNA I POWODZIE. KATASTROFY W DZIEJACH MUZEUM W NYSIE

Content
Title variants
EN
THE CATASTROPHE OF WORLD WAR II AND THE CALAMITIES OF TWO FLOODS IN THE HISTORY OF THE MUSEUM IN NYSA
Languages of publication
PL
Abstracts
EN
The museum in Nysa was founded in 1897 as the first regional museum (Heimatsmuseum) in Opole Silesia (within the boundaries of Opole notary) /Regierungsbezirk Oppeln/. Its first seat was a baroque mansion called Alte Kommandantur/Dom Komendanta. At the beginning of September 1938, there came floods in Nysa. The waters of the Nysa Kłodzka River and its tributary, the Biała Głuchołaska, flooded the rooms of the ground floor with its exhibits, which in turn caused a break in the museum’s activities. In 1945, when the Soviet offensive was approaching Nysa, the town authorities evacuated the museum’s collections to the “Carolinum” grammar school in Nysa, to the gamekeeper’s cottage near Przełęk (Preiland), near Nysa, and to Domasov (Oberthomasdorf) near Jesenik (Freiwaldau) on the territory of Czech. Part of the collection remained in place. After seizing Nysa on March 24, 1945 by the Soviet Army, the museum building burnt down along with the monuments of art left behind. After the war, when Silesia was taken over by the Polish administration, the museum was re-activated in 1947. The saved collections together with the new acquisitions were placed in the building of a private surgical clinic. In 1984 the baroque Bishop Palace became the museum’s seat. At this place, in 1997, the institution was reached by the third catastrophe in its history – the calamity of floods. The rooms on the ground floor were flooded as high as 1.5 metres. The damages caused by the element included the building itself, collections of art and artistic handcraft, archaeological collection, historical documents, documentation of archeological collections and part of the books from the museum library. The flood effects are still being removed, although recently more and more slowly due to the lack of financial means. Transl. by Józef Lisiecki
Year
Issue
1-2
Pages
103-115
Physical description
Dates
published
2003
Contributors
  • mgr, jest historykiem, absolwentem Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego. Od 20 lat pracownik Muzeum w Nysie.
References
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
ISSN
0029-8247
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-8c7420d0-858c-4cc3-9fc4-52ca92329b28
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