PL EN


2018 | 27/3 | 33-49
Article title

“War song of America”: The Vigilantes and American Propagandistic Poetry of the First World War

Authors
Content
Title variants
Languages of publication
Abstracts
When the United States entered the First World War in April 1917, the Committee of Public Information (CPI) organised several branches of propaganda to advertise and promote the war in hundreds of magazines and newspapers nationwide. One of these organisations was the group of writers known as “the Vigilantes.” This essay examines Fifes and Drums: A Collection of Poems of America at War (1917), published by the Vigilantes a few months after the American declaration of war. The discussion frames the context under which the Vigilantes conceived their poems as well as the main strategies that they employed to poetically portray the role that the United States was to play in the conflict.
Contributors
author
  • University of Alicante
References
  • Axelrod, Alan. 2009. Selling the Great War: The Making of American Propaganda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Bercovitch, Sacvan. 2012 [1978]. The American Jeremiad. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Brown, Richard Maxwell. 1975. Strain of Violence: Historical Studies of American Violence and Vigilantism. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Buitenhuis, Peter. 1989. The Great War of Words: Literature as Propaganda 1914–18 and After. London: Batsford Ltd.
  • Calman, Anna S. and Charles Doyle. 2002. Vigilantes and Unauthorized Militia in America. New York: Novinka Books.
  • Cobb, Irvin S. 2012 [1918]. The Glory of the Coming: What Mine Eyes Have Seen of Americans in This Year of Grace and Allied Endeavor. USA: Forgotten Books.
  • Cohen, Michael. 2007. “The Ku Klux Government: Vigilantism, Lynching, and the Repression of the IWW.” Journal for the Study of Radicalism 1. 1: 31–56.
  • Creel, George. 1920. How We Advertised America; the First Telling of the Amazing story of the Committee on Public Information that Carried the Gospel of Americanism to Every Corner of the Globe. London and New York: Harper & Brother Publishers.
  • Culberson, William C. 1990. Vigilantism: Political History of Private Power in America. New York: Greenwood Press.
  • Das, Santanu, ed. 2013. The Cambridge Companion to the Poetry of the First World War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Fussell, Paul. 2000. The Great War and Modern Memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Harries, Meirion, and Susie Harries. 1997. The Last Days of Innocence: America at War, 1917–1918. New York: Vintage Books.
  • Horne, John N., and Alan Kramer. 2001. German Atrocities, 1914: A History of Denial. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  • Hower-Pitney, David. 1986. “Wars, White America, and The Afro-American Jeremiad: Frederick Douglass and Martin Luther King, Jr.” The Journal of Negro History 71: 1.4: 23–37.
  • Hynes, Samuel. 1992. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Pimlico.
  • Jeff rey, Caitlín Marie Thérèse. 2007. “Journey Through Unfamiliar Territory: American Reporters and the First World War.” PhD diss, University of California.
  • Kendall, Tim, ed. 2007. The Oxford Handbook of British and Irish War Poetry. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • —. ed. 2013. Poetry of the First World War: An Anthology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Khan, Nosheen, ed. 1988. Women’s Poetry of the First World War. Lexington, Kentucky: The University Press of Kentucky.
  • Knight, Melinda. 1996. “Little Magazines and the Emergence of Modernism in the ‘Fin de Siècle.’” American Periodicals: 6: 29–45.
  • Longley, Edna. 2005. “The Great War, History, and the English Lyric.” The Literature of the First World War. Ed. Vincent Sherry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 57–84.
  • Madison, Arnold. 1973. Vigilantism in America. New York: Seabury Press.
  • Manning, Mary J. 2014. “Being German, Being American.” Prologue-Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration 46. 2: 15–22.
  • Marquis, Alice Goldfarb. 1978. “Words as Weapons: Propaganda in Britain and Germany during the First World War.” Journal of Contemporary History 13. 3: 467–498.
  • Matthews, John T. 2005. “American Writing of the Great War.” The Literature of the First World War. Ed. Vincent Sherry. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 217–242.
  • Mock, James R. and Cedric Larson. 1939. Words that Won the War; the Story of the Committee on Public Information, 1917–1919. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Morgan, John H. 1916. German Atrocities: An Offi cial Investigation. New York: E. P. Dutton & Company.
  • Murdoch, Brian. 2009. Fighting Songs and Warring Words: Popular Lyrics of Two World Wars. London and New York: Routledge.
  • Noake, Vivien. 2006. Voices of Silence: The Alternative Book of First World War Poetry. Stroud, Oxfordshire: Sutton Publishing.
  • Petrie, Windy C. 2013. “Gertrude Atherton’s Europe: Portal or Looking Glass?.” American Writers in Europe. Ed. Asya Ferda. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 55–74.
  • Piep, Karsten H. 2009. Embattled Home Fronts. Domestic Politics and the American Novel of World War I. Amsterdam; New York: Rodopi.
  • Prieto, Sara. 2018. Reporting the First World War in the Liminal Zone. British and American Eyewitness Accounts from the Western Front. Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Quinn, Patrick J. 2001. The Conning of America: The Great War and American Popular Literature. Amsterdam; Atlanta: Rodopi.
  • Reilly, Catherine, ed. 1981. Scars Upon my Heart: Women’s Poetry and Verse of the First World War. London: Virago.
  • Rosebault, Charles J., ed. 1917. Fifes and Drums: A Collection of Poems of America at War. New York: George H. Doran Company.
  • Ross, Stewart Halsey. 1996. Propaganda for War: How the United States Was Conditioned to Fight the Great War of 1914–1918. Jeff erson: McFarland and Company Publishers.
  • Sanders, Michael and Philip Taylor. 1982. British Propaganda during the First World War, 1914–1918. London: Macmillan.
  • Shakespeare, William. 2005. Henry V. Ed. T. W. Craik. London: Routledge.
  • Sillars, Stuart. 2007. Fields of Agony: British Poetry of the First World War. Tirril: Literature Insights, Humanities e-books.
  • St. John III, Burton. 2009. “An Enduring Legacy of World War I: Propaganda, Journalism and the Domestic Struggle over the Commodifi cation of Truth.” War and the Media. Essays on News Reporting, Propaganda and Popular Culture. Ed. Paul M. Haridakis, Barbara S. Hugenberg, and Stanley T.Wearden. Jeff erson: McFarland Company. 147–162.
  • —. 2010. Press, Professionalization and Propaganda: The Rise of Journalistic Double Mindedness 1917–1941. Amherst: Cambria Press.
  • Taylor, Philip M. 1980. “The Foreign Offi ce and British Propaganda During the First World War.” The Historical Journal 23. 4: 875–898.
  • Underhill, Lonnie E. 2017. “Hamlin Garland: A World War I ‘Vigilante,’ 1917– 1918.” Journal of the West 56. 2: 71–88.
  • Van Wienen, Mark W. 1997. Partisans and Poets: The Political Work of American Poets in the Great War. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • —. 2002. Rendezvous with Death: American Poems of the Great War. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
  • Waldrep, Cristopher. 2006. Lynching in America: A History in Documents. New York and London: New York University Press.
  • Whalan, Mark. 2014. “Literature (USA).” 1914–1918 online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War. Ed. Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz,
  • Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson. Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin. https://encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/literature_usa?version=1.0
Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-8d570250-0677-467b-9a4a-797c9e8b60ac
JavaScript is turned off in your web browser. Turn it on to take full advantage of this site, then refresh the page.