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2014 | 4 | 1 | 239-244
Article title

The essence of medical secrecy according to the Polish law

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EN
Abstracts
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present the essence of medical secrecy. Notes included in the article refer to Polish law. It is desirable to, firstly, attempt at a definition of "medical secret", and secondly, at the basis of the proposed definition determine the content and substance of a physician’s duty to maintain confidentiality of certain information. Materials and methods: Indications and other selected postulates presented in this paper will be based on a review of existing legislation and scientific reflection. Conclusions: Obligation of medical secrecy is in fact a number of duties of different importance, which generally ensures confidentiality of personal data.
Year
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4
Issue
1
Pages
239-244
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References
  • Excerpt from the troop of medical oath, commonly called the Hippocratic oath. Modified in 1948 (the Geneva oath) the relevant passage reads: "secrets entrusted to me by them (patients ed. K.M.) I will respect".
  • Cf. Sobol E. [ed], Mały słownik języka polskiego, Warsaw 1993, p. 929, “a secret - something mysterious, news / information that should not be broadcasted, which should not come to light - the secret”, (author's own translation). (Polish)
  • Cf. Rusinek M. Tajemnica zawodowa i jej ochrona w polskim procesie karnym, Lex/el. 2007, p. 2. Szewczyk M. Prawnokarna ochrona tajemnicy zawodowej lekarza [in:] Czasopismo prawa karnego i nauk penalnych, year IV: 2000, No 1, p. 161. (Polish)
  • Rusinek M. Op. cit, p. 3. But compare a broader understanding of the term "legal definition" and its goals. Described by Błachut M., Gromski W., J. Kaczor [in:] Technika Prawodawcza, Warsaw 2008, p. 34 -35. Compare also the conditions under § 146 et seq. of the Prime Minister regulation of 20 June 2002 concerning principles of legislative techniques. (Polish)
  • Valuable definition is given in: Markowski A. [ed], Słownik poprawnej polszczyzny, Warsaw 2004, p. 784, “[...] mystery - a message that should not be broadcasted, secret, non-disclosure, hiding something; Medical mystery - the message, which disclosure is prohibited by law” (author's own translation). (Polish)
  • Rejman G. Tajemnica lekarska, Studia Iuridica UW XXXI/1996, p. 150. (Polish)
  • Cf. at this Rejman G. Op. cit, p. 154 et seq.
  • Makowski W. Komentarz do kodeksu karnego z 1932 r., Warsaw 1932, cf. comments on art. 253, per Rejman G. Op. cit, p. 150. (Polish)
  • Contrary: Rusinek M. Op. cit, p. 2 et seq. Author identifies two components of professional secret: confidentiality and limitations of its scope. (Polish)
  • Zielińska E. [ed], Barcikowska- Szydło E., Kapko M., Majcher K., Preiss W., Sakowski K. Ustawa o zawodach lekarza i lekarza dentysty. Komentarz, Lex/el. 2008, notes on art. 40 point 1. (Polish)
  • Cf. at this Szewczyk M. Op. cit, p. 162. (Polish)
  • Published in the Journal of Laws of 1977. No. 38, item 167. (Polish)
  • Published in the Journal of Laws of 1993. No. 61, item 284. (Polish)
  • Per Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 29. (Polish)
  • Declaration: http://www.who.int/genomics/ public/ eu_declaration1994.pdf
  • Act of 5 December 1996 (Journal of Laws of 1997 No. 28, item 152) on physician and dentist. Next: PDA. (Polish)
  • The Code is a set of ethical and deontological rules. Adopted in 1991, during the II Extraordinary National Congress of Chambers of Physicians. Reviewed in 1993 and in 2003. Next: CME.
  • Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 6. (Polish)
  • Rusinek M. Op. cit, p. 19. (Polish)
  • Paraphrase of Rusinek M. Op. cit, p. 19. (Polish)
  • For the proposed scheme of exceptions cf. Safjan M. Prawo i Medycyna, Warsaw 1998, p. 130 et seq., referece per Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 7. (Polish)
  • Cf. Rusinek M. Op. cit, p. 56 et seq. (Polish)
  • Cf. to this Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 16. (Polish)
  • Cf. catalogue described in: Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 8. (Polish)
  • World Health Organization adopted, in official documents, that: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”, available at: http://www.who.int/governance/ eb/who_constitution_en.pdf
  • Cf. art. 40 par. 2 point. 2 PDA and differently constructed art. 26 CME. (Polish)
  • Cf. Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 3, and invoked there literature. (Polish)
  • Cf. Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 3, and invoked there literature. (Polish)
  • Safjan M. Problemy prawne tajemnicy lekarskiej, Kwartalnik Prawa Prywatnego, 1995, No. 1, p. 16. (Polish)
  • Cf. at this Safjan M. Op. cit, p. 17-18, and Kunicka-Michalska B. Ochrona tajemnicy zawodowej w polskim prawie karnym, Warsaw 1972, p. 2, reference per: Zielińska E. [ed], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 4. (Polish)
  • Act of 2 December 2009 (Journal of Laws of 2009 No. 219, item. 1708) on Chambers of Physicians. (Polish)
  • Literature: Iżycka-Rączka M. Odpo-wiedzialność lekarza, Medycyna po Dyplomie, 2000, No. 8, p. 24, and: Jończyk J. Odpowiedzialność personelu medycznego według Kodeksu Pracy, Prawo i Medycyna, 2000, No. 5, p. 118, reference per Zielinska E. [ed.], op. cit, notes on art. 40 point 26. (Polish)
  • Cf. at this Rejman G. Op. cit, p. 157. (Polish)
  • Gubiński A. Commentary on the Constitutional Tribunal resolution of 03.17.1993, [in:] Państwo i Prawo 1993, No. 9, p. 104 – 111. (Polish)
  • Cf. at this Rejman G. Op. cit, p. 156. (Polish)
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Publication order reference
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bwmeta1.element.desklight-8d701989-5327-4a8c-8689-6c09a7724160
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