Zarzewie konfliktu między Kościołem a Synagogą (do 135 roku)
Beginning of the Conflict between the Church and Synagogue (until 135 A.D.)
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The first century of the existence of Christianity and development of the Church in the Palestinian and Mediterranean areas is signed by a growing conflict with Judaism, which at this time is under one of the biggest crises in its history. The climax point of this crisis was the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. Division between the young Church and – conventionally speaking – the Synagogue takes place during the time of the end of biblical Judaism and the birth of rabbinic Judaism. In this article the author shows the roots of the conflict, which, by decades grow so strongly, that eventually the roads of both religious communities were totally divided. In the first part of the article he evidences the source material for further investigations. Then he presents three factors that played a significant role in the process of separation between Christians and Jews: theological factors, historical and political factors and socio-economical factors. The issue of so-called birkat ha-minim requires the separate treatment. The process of growing up of the Church and the changes in the Synagogue in I century and in first decades of II century led to a definitive break in ties between the two communities. All the factors that caused that break (both religious, theological, historical-political, social and even economic) are interlinked. After the resurrection of Christ, Church was a small community of Jews who believed that the resurrected Christ is the Messiah. The members of this community ceased bringing offers to the Temple and gave the full access to the new belief for pagans. In the same time the Jewish community was under changes. These changes give birth to the new form of Judaism – rabbinic Judaism. Within it there was no place for Christians.
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