PL EN


2010 | 10 | 353-360
Article title

Mikołaj Kopernik, camera obscura i Krakowska Szkoła Astronomiczna

Content
Title variants
EN
Nicolaus Copernicus, the camera obscura, and Cracow School of Astronomy
Conference
SESJA NAUKOWA ZORGANIZOWANA PRZEZ KOMISJĘ HISTORII NAUKI PAU I OBSERWATORIUM ASTRONOMICZNE UJ. W 215. rocznicę założenia przez Jana Śniadeckiego Obserwatorium Astronomicznego (9 V 2007)
Languages of publication
PL EN
Abstracts
EN
This paper offers a discussion of a series of observations made in Frauenburg by Nicolaus Copernicus. The series was recorded by Copernicus in his copy of Johann Stoeffler’s Calendarium Romanum Magnum (Oppenheim 1518), and concerns four partial solar eclipses that occurred in 1530, 1536, 1540, and 1541. It is argued that Copernicus employed the camera obscura (pinhole camera) to measure the magnitude of these eclipses. This conclusion allows us to strengthen a thesis previously formulated by Ludwik A. Birkenmajer and to propose that the astronomical use of images formed through an aperture, which spread among European astronomers in the second half of the sixteenth century, may have its source in eclipse measurements made by Copernicus during the later years of his scientific activity. It is also argued that the scientific community at Cracow seems the most obvious environment where Copernicus might have learned about the astronomical use of a camera obscura.
Keywords
Year
Volume
10
Pages
353-360
Physical description
Dates
cover
2010
Contributors
References
  • L. A. Birkenmajer, Mikołaj Kopernik, Kraków 1900.
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  • Erasmus Reinhold, Erasmi Reinholdi Salueldensis Theoricae Novae Planetarum Georgii Purbachii [...] recens editae et auctae novis scholiis [...] Wittenberga 1542.
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  • G. Rosińska, Fifteenth-century Optics: Between Medieval and Modern Science („Studia Copernicana” t. XXIV). Wrocław 1986.
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  • J. Włodarczyk, Solar Eclipse Observations in the Time of Copernicus: Tradition or Novelty?, „Journal for the History of Astronomy”, t. 38 (2007), s. 351–364;
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Document Type
Publication order reference
Identifiers
YADDA identifier
bwmeta1.element.desklight-8d8e4a14-5eb1-48f0-b5f2-ef2b9d460523
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