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2013 | 14 | 49-59

Article title

Ryby i rybołówstwo w świetle XVI-wiecznego gospodarczego piśmiennictwa polskiego


Title variants

Fish Breeding and Fisheries in 16th Century Polish Rural and Farming Literature

Languages of publication



The interactions between man and the environment, a system of natural resources exploited by humans, constitute one of the numerous fields of research which are pursued by modern-day historians. Together with hunting, fishing was the earliest form of expression of human activity that ensured the survival of the human race. Initially, the use of aquatic resources in Poland was regulated mainly by royal regalia. The utilization of water resources became associated with land ownership upon the introduction of the modern concept of property rights in the late Middle Ages. At the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries, the use of water resources became an important part of economy on Polish territories. Those processes generated a growing demand for farming literature. Farming textbooks became a part of Polish literature in the mid 16th century, and they dealt extensively with fisheries and fish breeding. The prime examples of such works include O Rybnikach by the Czech bishop and scientist J. Dubravius (1547), Opus ruralium commodorum libri XII (Polish edition, 1549) by Piotr Crescentius (Pietro de’Crescenzi), O sprawie, sypaniu, wymierzaniu i rybieniu stawów, także o przekopach, o ważeniu i prowadzeniu wody. Książki wszystkim gospodarzom potrzebne by Olbrycht Strumieński (1573) and Gospodarstwo by Anzelm Gostomski (1588). 16th century farming manuals enjoyed great popularity in Poland at the time of their publication, they were a source of valuable information for fish breeders, which proposed new methods for increasing the efficiency and profitability of aquatic resources.







Physical description


  • Instytut Historii i Stosunków Międzynarodowych, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie


Document Type

Publication order reference


YADDA identifier

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