Wczesnoceramiczny kompleks jelszański w międzyrzeczu Wołgi i Uralu. Aspekt chronologiczny
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The early pottery Yelshanian complex of the Volga-Ural interfluve. The chronological aspect
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A series of radiocarbon dates and palynological studies carried out at the archaeological sites of Chekalino IV, Lebyazhinka IV, and Ivanovka confirmed an Early Neolithic provenance of the Yelshanian Culture. Its chronological position, in relation to other early pottery groups from the eastern part of the Russian Plain, is problematic. As revealed by bioarchaeological and radiocarbon studies, the origins of the Yelshanian Culture can be dated to the second half of the Boreal period, that is to the end of the first half of the 8th millennium BC. Taking into account a potential problem of older shell dates, its beginnings should be placed around the end of the 8th millennium BC. A gradual disappearance of the Yelshanian tradition of the Mid-Volga Region (established also in the early stages of the Srednevolzhskaya Culture in these areas) is to be linked to the influx of the steppe patterns from the South (the second half of the 7th millennium BC the turn of 7th millennium BC), themselves responsible for the formation of the Srednevolzhskaya Culture with the stabbed-incised type of pottery, as well as the influx of the „forest” cultural component from the North, itself originating from the Neolithic Kamskaya Culture that subsequently became an important contribution to the origin of the Eneolithic Samara Culture Complex (the first half of the 6th millennium BC).
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