Wkroczenie Wehrmachtu do Torunia i zarząd wojskowy miasta (7 września–25 października 1939 r.)
Der Einmarsch der Wehrmacht in Thorn und Militärverwaltung der Stadt
The Wehrmacht invasion of Toruń and German military administration in the city (September 7–October 25, 1939)
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The article presents the image of the city of Toruń during the German military administration from September 7, 1939 (the city’s takeover by the German troops) to October 25, 1939 (the last day of the military administration). The organization of the military administration in the territories seized by the Wehrmacht units were specifically regulated in Adolf Hitler’s decrees of September 8 and 25, 1939. Until October 25, 1939, Toruń belonged to the German military district “West Prussia” (Militärbezirk Westpreussen), which was headed by General Walther Heitz, while Albert Forster, the Nazi Party’s former Gauleiter of the Free City of Danzig, became the Chief of Civil Administration. The period of the military administration that lasted 55 days set the stage for a new occupation order. The article discusses the organization of the military administration in Toruń and temporary Civil Administration, their most important decisions and actions, including ordinances discriminating the Polish population. Particular attention was paid to the Wehrmacht’s participation in pacification of Toruń in the first weeks of the German occupation.
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