САМОСТІЙНА РОБОТА УЧНІВ − ОСНОВА САМОСТІЙНОСТІ, САМОНАВЧАННЯ, САМОКОНТРОЛЮ, ВАЖЛИВИЙ ЧИННИК ФОРМУВАННЯ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТІ «ВМІННЯ ВЧИТИСЯ»
Pupils’ independent work as a basis of independence, self-learning, self-control and an important factor of forming the competence «learning skill»
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The role of independent work in the conditions of implementation the competence approach in modern school is described in the article. Today it is considered to be an important factor of the «learning skill» competence formation. The subjective competences are formed on the basis of the experience of independent solving problems and though independence versatile interpreted by teachers and psychologists, it provides obtaining the activity techniques, awareness and validity of actions, criticism, ability to make a decision, manifestation of individuality, etc. The instrument of acquiring independence, independent learning activity is an independent work, which is organized by the pupil, and is motivated, controlled and realized at the convenient time for him. This requires self-regulation, targeted control of one’s own actions and in learning activities – matching the capabilities of the students with the requirements for designing a self-learning process and the ability to consciously control it. The formation of skills of self-learning requires external influences that provide a rational organization of independent work to strengthen all of the cognitive processes of students: sensation, perception, memory, attention, imagination, thinking, skills to submit one’s own verbal judgments. Independent work includes such functions as learning, developing and upbringing, which integrate the chemical methods, concepts, laws and theories with the skills to work consciously with different information resources and use the gained knowledge in practice. This approach provides the formation of the personal character and behavior features. Together this forms the ability to self-learning, which is an integral component of the competence «learning skill». With the change of the education system from traditional to the competence, change the methods of productive learning, among which the author distinguishes such groups: cognitive, creative (oriented at creating by students their own educational product) and organizational-activity. Systematic use of a wide variety of multi-level independent work and various forms of its implementation, gradually teaches students self-learning. The skills of self-control and self-assessment are carried out through informed choice feasible level of tasks. This, in turn, will provide continuous self-examination of the level of knowledge of program material.
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