Umowy i porozumienia jako efekt ewaluacji polityki regionalnej w Rosji
“Contracts” and “Agreements” as a R esult of Evaluation Process of Regional Policies in Russian Federation
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Russian regional policy is an example of adjusting solutions to regions development needs and social-economic needs of Russian Federation as a whole. Those solutions are only results of historical and political conditions that existed in the past. As a result of evaluating this policy during the past 20 years following acts came into effect: –– changing regional budget policy, –– reforming interbudget relations (between central budget and regional budgets, and finally between regional budgets themselves), –– targeted funds (for example, for regions with protechnological tendencies), –– “contracts” and “agreements” (in matters of dividing competences between distinct subjects of state of particular levels) used in realising particular tasks of regional policies. The level of theoretical and judicial development of these solutions was different, as well as the range and effectiveness in reality. Lastly listed – “contracts” and “agreements” – should be counted as one of the least clarified and somewhat unsuccesfull in terms of regional development policies. At first, they were established as an answer to current problems of solving conflict situations between the federal government and particular regions which took place in the ninetees of the past century and they were a form of countering the threat of facing an integrity loss by Russian state. Therefore they aren’t strictly a tool of regional development policy. Secondly, not only are they unclarified in their current form, but also, due to the mentioned ambiguity, they are often used by various groups of interest in Russia in particular regions, and in such manner are contradictory to objectives of regional policy in Russian Federation.
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